Article mis en ligne le 15 décembre 2016

Ayotte, K. W. et al. An evaluation of neutral and convective planetary boundary-layer parameterizations relative to large eddy simulations. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 79, 131–175 (1996).

Barker, H. W. & Raisanen, P. Neglect by GCMs of subgrid-scale horizontal variations in cloud-droplet effective radius : A diagnostic radiative analysis. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130, 1905–1920 (2004).

Barker, H.W. et al The Monte Carlon Independent Column Approximation : An assessment using several global atmospheric models. Quaterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134, 1463-1478 (2008)

Boutle, I. A. et al Spatial variability of liquid cloud and rain : observations and microphysical effects. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140:583–594(2014).

Bony, S. & Dufresne, J. L. Marine boundary layer clouds at the heart of tropical cloud feedback uncertainties in climate models. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L20806 (2005).

Buras,R., & Mayer, B.Efficient unbiased variance reduction techniques for Monte Carlo simulations of radiative transfer in cloudy atmospheres : The solution. Journal of quantitative spectroscopy and radiative transfer, 112, 434-447 (2011).

Canut, G., Couvreux, F., Lothon, M., Pino, D. & Said, F. Observations and Large-Eddy Simulations of Entrainment in the Sheared Sahelian Boundary Layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 142, 79–101 (2012).

Brown, A. R. et al. Large-eddy simulation of the diurnal cycle of shallow cumulus convection overland. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128, 1075–1093 (2002).

Browning, K et al. The GEWEX Cloud System Study (GCSS). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 74, 387–399 (1993).

Chatfield, R. & Brost, R. A 2-stream model of the vertical transport of trace species in the convective boundary layer. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 92, 13263–13276 (1987).

Chepfer, H.... Dufresne J.L., et al. Use of CALIPSO lidar observations to evaluate the cloudiness simulated by a climate model. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L15704 (2008).

Cheruy, F., ... Hourdin F. et al. Combined influence of atmospheric physics and soil hydrology on the simulated meteorology at the SIRTA atmospheric observatory. Climate Dynamics 40, 2251–2269 (2013).

Chosson, F., Brenguier, J.-L. & Schueller, L. Entrainment-mixing and radiative transfer simulation in boundary layer clouds. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64, 2670–2682 (2007).

Couvreux, F., Guichard, F. et al. Water-vapour variability within a convective boundary-layer assessed by large-eddy simulations and IHOP_2002 observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131, 2665–2693 (2005).

Couvreux, F., Guichard, F., Masson, V. & Redelsperger, J.-L. Negative water vapour skewness and dry tongues in the convective boundary layer : observations and large-eddy simulation budget analysis. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 123, 269–294 (2007).

Couvreux, F., Hourdin, F. & Rio, C. Resolved Versus Parametrized Boundary-Layer Plumes. Part I : A Parametrization-Oriented Conditional Sampling in Large-Eddy Simulations. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 134, 441–458 (2010).

Couvreux, F., Rio, C, Guichard F. et al. Initiation of daytime local convection in a semi-arid region analysed with high-resolution simulations and AMMA observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138, 56–71 (2012).

Couvreux, F., Guichard F. et al. Modelling of the Thermodynamical Diurnal Cycle in the Lower Atmosphere : A Joint Evaluation of Four Contrasted Regimes in the Tropics Over Land. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 150, 185–214 (2014).

Couvreux, F., Roehrig R., Rio C. et al. Representation of daytime moist convection over the semi-arid Tropics by parametrizations used in climate and meteorological models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141, 2220–2236 (2015).

Dauchet, J., Blanco S., Cornet, J.F., El Hafi, M., Eymet, V. & Fournier R. The practice of recent radiative transfer Monte Carlo advances and its contribution to the field of microorganisms cultivation in photobioreactors. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 128, 52-59 (2013).

Delatorre, J., ... Blanco S.,... Fournier R. Monte Carlo advances and concentrated solar applications. Solar Energy, 103, 653-681 (2014).

de Roode, S. R., Siebesma, A. P., Jonker, H. J. J. & de Voogd, Y. Parametrization of the Vertical Velocity Equation for Shallow Cumulus Clouds. Monthly Weather Review 140, 2424–2436 (2012).

de Szoeke, S. P. et al. Observations of Stratocumulus Clouds and Their Effect on the Eastern Pacific Surface Heat Budget along 20 degrees S. Journal of Climate 25, 8542–8567 (2012).

Di Giuseppe, F. & Tompkins, A. M. Three-dimensional radiative transfer in tropical deep convective clouds. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 108, 4741 (2003).

Di Giuseppe, F. & Tompkins, A. M. Generalizing Cloud Overlap Treatment to Include the Effect of WindShear. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 72, 2865–2876 (2015).

Dufresne J.-L., R. Fournier, C. Hourdin, F. Hourdin, 2005, Net exchange reformulation of radiative transfer in the CO2 15mum band on Mars, J. Atmos. Sci. 62 : 3303-3319 , 2005

Duynkerke, P. G. et al. Observations and numerical simulations of the diurnal cycle of the EUROCS stratocumulus case. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130, 3269–3296 (2004).

Eymet, V., Fournier, R., Blanco, S., & Dufresne, J. L. A boundary-based net-exchange Monte Carlo method for absorbing and scattering thick media. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 91, 27-46 (2005).

Eymet, V., R. Fournier, J. Dufresne, S. Lebonnois, F. Hourdin, and M. A. Bullock Net exchange parameterization of thermal infrared radiative transfer in Venus’ atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 114, 11008 (2009).

Eymet, V., ... El Hafi M,... Fournier R. Null-collision meshless Monte-Carlo—Application to the validation of fast radiative transfer solvers embedded in combustion simulators. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 129, 145-157 (2013).

Farges, O., .. El Hafi M, Fournier R. et al Life-time integration using Monte Carlo Methods when optimizing the design of concentrated solar power plants. Solar Energy, 113, 57-62 (2015).

Galtier, M. Blanco, S.,... Dauchet, J., El Hafi, M. et al Integral formulation of null-collision Monte Carlo algorithms. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 125, 57-68 (2013).

Golaz, J.-C., Horowitz, L. W. & Levy, H. Cloud tuning in a coupled climate model : Impact on 20th century warming. Geophysical Research Letters 40, 2246–2251 (2013).

Haeffelin, M., ... Bouniol, D., ..., Dufresne J.L.,... Hourdin F. et al. SIRTA, a ground-based atmospheric observatory for cloud and aerosol research. Annales Geophysicae 23, 253–275 (2005).

Heus, T. & Jonker, H. J. J. Subsiding shells around shallow cumulus clouds. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 65, 1003–1018 (2008).

Heus, T., Van Dijk, G., Jonker, H. J. J. & Van den Akker, H. E. A. Mixing in shallow cumulus clouds studied by Lagrangian particle tracking. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 65, 2581–2597 (2008).

Hill P. G. et al A regime-dependent parametrization of subgrid-scale cloud water content variability. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141, 1975–1986, (2015)

Honnert, R., Couvreux, F.,Masson, V. & Lancz, D. Sampling the Structure of Convective Turbulence and Implications for Grey-Zone parametrizations Bondary-Layer Meteorology, Doi10.1007/s10546-016-0130 (2016).

Hourdin, F., Couvreux, F. & Menut, L. Parametrization of the dry convective boundary layer based on a mass flux representation of thermals. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 59, 1105–1123 (2002).

Hourdin, F....Rio, C., ...Jam, A., Cheruy, F.,...Musat, I., Dufresne, J. L.,...Lefebvre, M. P., Roehrig, R. LMDZ5B : the atmospheric component of the IPSL climate model with revisited parametrizations for clouds and convection. Climate Dynamics 40, 2193–2222 (2013).

Hourdin, F.,...Dufresne, J. L.,...Rio, C. Air moisture control on ocean surface temperature, hidden key to the warm bias enigma. Geophysical Research Letters 42, (2016).

Hourdin, F., Mauritsen, T., Gettelman, A., Golaz, J.-C., Balaji , V., Duan, Q., Folini, D., Ji, D., Klocke, D., Qian, Y., Rauser, F., Rio, C., Tomassini, L., Watanabe, M., Williamson, D., The art and science of climate model tuning, BAMS, accepted with minor revisions (2016)

Jam, A., Hourdin, F., Rio, C. & Couvreux, F. Resolved Versus Parametrized Boundary-Layer Plumes. Part III : Derivation of a Statistical Scheme for Cumulus Clouds. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 147, 421–441 (2013).

Jonker H. J. J., Heus T. & Sullivan P. P. A refined view of vertical mass transport by cumulus convection. Geophysical Resarch Letters, 35, L07810 (2008)

Karlsson, J., Svensson, G. & Rodhe, H. Cloud radiative forcing of subtropical low level clouds in global models. Climate Dynamics 30, 779–788 (2008).

Konsta D., Dufresne J.L. et al Use of A-train satellite observations (CALIPSO–PARASOL) to evaluate tropical cloud properties in the LMDZ5 GCM. Climate Dynamics, in press, doi : 10.1007/s00382-015-2900- y, (2016)

Lafore, J. P. et al. The Meso-NH atmospheric simulation system. Part I : adiabatic formulation and control simulations. Annales Geophysicae-Atmospheres Hydrospheres and Space Sciences 16, 90–109 (1998).

Ma, C. C., Mechoso, C. R., Robertson, A. W. & Arakawa, A. Peruvian stratus clouds and the tropical Pacific circulation : A coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM study. Journal of Climate 9, 1635–1645 (1996).

Marquet, P. Definition of a moist entropy potential temperature : application to FIRE-I data flights. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, 768-791 (2011)

Marshak A. & Davis A.B. : 3D radiative transfer in cloudy Atmospheres, Springer (2005)

Matheou, G., Chung, D., Nuijens, L., Stevens, B. & Teixeira, J. On the Fidelity of Large-Eddy Simulation of Shallow Precipitating Cumulus Convection. Monthly Weather Review 139, 2918–2939 (2011).

Mathieu, G., Blanco S., Dauchet J., Eymet V, Fournier R. Radiative transfer and spectroscopic databases : A line-sampling Monte Carlo approach. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer (2015).

Mauritsen, T., Svensson, G., Zilitinkevich, S. S., Esau, I. & Grisogono, B. A total turbulent energy closure model for neutrally and stably stratified atmospheric boundary layers. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64, 4113–4126 (2007).

Mauritsen, T. et al. Tuning the climate of a global model. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 4, M00A01 (2012).

Moeng, C and Sullivan, P. A comparison of shear-driven and buoyancy-driven planetary boundary-layer flows. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51, 999-1022 (1994).

Nam, C., Bony, S., Dufresne, J.-L. & Chepfer, H. The ‘too few, too bright’ tropical low-cloud problem in CMIP5 models. Geophysical Research Letters 39, L21801 (2012).

Neelin, J. D., Bracco, A., Luo, H., McWilliams, J. C. & Meyerson, J. E. Considerations for parameter optimization and sensitivity in climate models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107, 21349–21354 (2010).

Neggers, R. A. J., Duynkerke, P. G. & Rodts, S. M. A. Shallow cumulus convection : A validation of large- eddy simulation against aircraft and Landsat observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129, 2671–2696 (2003).

Neggers, R. A. J., Heus, T. & Siebesma, A. P. Overlap statistics of cumuliform boundary-layer cloud fields in large-eddy simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 116, D21202 (2011).

Nuijens L et al The behavior of trade-wind cloudiness in observations and models : The major cloud components and their variability. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7, 600-616 (2014)

Pergaud, J., Masson, V., Malardel, S. & Couvreux, F. A Parametrization of Dry Thermals and Shallow Cumuli for Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 132, 83–106 (2009).

Perraud, E., Couvreux, F. et al. Evaluation of Statistical Distributions for the Parametrization of Subgrid Boundary-Layer Clouds. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 140, 263–294 (2011).

Pincus, R.et al A fast, flexible, approximate technique for computing radiative transfer in inhomogeneous cloud fields. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108:4376 (2003)

Randall DA etal Single Column Models and cloud ensemble models as links between observations and climate models. J. Clim. 9 : 1683–1697 (1996)

Richter, I. Climate model biases in the eastern tropical oceans : causes, impacts and ways forward. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews-Climate Change 6, 345–358 (2015).

Rio, C. & Hourdin, F. A thermal plume model for the convective boundary layer : Representation of cumulus clouds. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 65, 407–425 (2008).

Rio, C., Hourdin, F., Couvreux, F. & Jam, A. Resolved Versus Parametrized Boundary-Layer Plumes. Part II : Continuous Formulations of Mixing Rates for Mass-Flux Schemes. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 135, 469– 483 (2010).

Roehrig, R., Bouniol, D., Guichard, F., Hourdin, F. & Redelsperger, J.-L. The Present and Future of the West African Monsoon : A Process-Oriented Assessment of CMIP5 Simulations along the AMMA Transect. Journal of Climate 26, 6471–6505 (2013).

Roger M, Blanco S, El Hafi M, Fournier R Monte Carlo estimates of domain-deformation sensitivities. Physical review letters, 95 (2005).

Rougier J.C., Sexton D.M.H, Murphy J.M. & Stainforth D. Emulating the sensitivity of the HADSM3 climate model using ensembles from different but relaxed experiments Journal of Climate, 22, 3540-3557 (2009)

Satoh, M. et al Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM) for global cloud resolving simulations. Journal of Computational Physics, the special issue on Predicting Weather, Climate and Extreme events, 227, 3486-3514 (2008).

Schumann, U. and Moeng, C Plume fluxes in clear and cloudy convective boundary layers. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 48, 1746-1757 (1991).

Sexton D.M.H., Murphy J.M. & Collins M Multivariate probabilistic projections using imperfect climate models part I : outline of methodology. Climate Dynamics (2011).

Siebesma, A & Cuijpers, J. Evaluation of parametric assumptions for shallow cumulus convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 52, 650–666 (1995).

Siebesma, AP and Jonker, H J J Anomalous scaling of cumulus cloud boundaries. Phys Rev Letters, 85, 214-217 (2000)

Siebesma, A. P. et al. A large eddy simulation intercomparison study of shallow cumulus convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60, 1201–1219 (2003).

Siebesma, A. P., Soares, P. M. M. & Teixeira, J. A combined eddy-diffusivity mass-flux approach for the convective boundary layer. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64, 1230–1248 (2007).

Soares, P. M. M., Miranda, P. M. A., Siebesma, A. P. & Teixeira, J. An eddy-diffusivity/mass-flux parametrization for dry and shallow cumulus convection. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130, 3365–3383 (2004).

Stevens, B. et al. Evaluation of large-Eddy simulations via observations of nocturnal marine stratocumulus. Monthly Weather Review 133, 1443–1462 (2005).

Stull, R. A Comparison of parametrized vs measured transilient mixing coefficients for a convective mixed layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 55, 67-90 (1991).

Suzuki, K., Golaz, J.-C. & Stephens, G. L. Evaluating cloud tuning in a climate model with satellite observations. Geophysical Research Letters 40, 4464–4468 (2013).

Szczap, F. et al. A flexible three-dimensional stratocumulus, cumulus and cirrus cloud generator (3DCLOUD) based on drastically simplified atmospheric equations and the Fourier transform framework. Geoscientific Model Development 7, 1779–1801 (2014).

Tomita, H., Miura, H., Iga, S., Nasuno, T. & Satoh, M. A global cloud-resolving simulation : Preliminary results from an aqua planet experiment. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L08805 (2005).

Tompkins, A. M. & Di Giuseppe, F. An Interpretation of Cloud Overlap Statistics. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 72, 2877–2889 (2015).

Van der Dussen, J. J. et al. The GASS/EUCLIPSE model intercomparison of the stratocumulus transition as observed during ASTEX : LES results. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 5, 483–499 (2013).

VanZanten, M. C... Couvreux F. et al. Controls on precipitation and cloudiness in simulations of trade-wind cumulus as observed during RICO. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 3, M06001 (2011).

Vial, J., Dufresne, J.-L. & Bony, S. On the interpretation of inter-model spread in CMIP5 climate sensitivity estimates. Climate Dynamics 41, 3339–3362 (2013).

Vié B. et al. LIMA (v1.0) : A quasi two-moment microphysical scheme driven by a multimodal population of cloud condensation and ice freezing nuceli, GMD, 9, 567-586 (2016).

Wang H. & G. Feingold G. Modeling mesoscale cellular structure and drizzle in marine stratocumulus. Part1 : Impact of drizzle on the formation and evolution of open cells. Journal of Atmospheric. Sciences 66, 3237-3256 (2009)

Webb, M., Senior, C., Bony, S. & Morcrette, J. J. Combining ERBE and ISCCP data to assess clouds in the Hadley Centre, ECMWF and LMD atmospheric climate models. Climate Dynamics 17, 905–922 (2001).

Williams, K. D. and Webb, M. J. A quantitative performance assessment of cloud regimes in climate models. Climate Dynamics, 33, 141-157 (2009)

Williamson, D. et al. History matching for exploring and reducing climate model parameter space using observations and a large perturbed physics ensemble. Climate Dynamics 41, 1703–1729 (2013).

Williamson, D. et al. Identifying and removing structural biases in climate models with history matching. Climate Dynamics (2015).

Yu, J. Y. & Mechoso, C. R. Links between annual variations of Peruvian stratocumulus clouds and of SST in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Journal of Climate 12, 3305–3318 (1999).

Zhang, M. et al. Comparing clouds and their seasonal variations in 10 atmospheric general circulation models with satellite measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, D15S02 (2005)

Zhang, H. et al. Application and evaluation of McICA scheme with new radiation code in BCC_AGCM2.0.1. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, 6:4933–4982 (2013).

Zhao, M. & Austin, P. H. Life cycle of numerically simulated shallow cumulus clouds. Part I : Transport. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 62, 1269–1290 (2005).

Zilitinkevich S et al A hierarchy of Energy- and Flux Budget (EFB) Turbulence closure models for stably-stratified geophysical flows. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 146, 341-373 (2013)