Table of contents  

Research Scientist at CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research)

Research scientist and head of the EST team (Earth System Study team)

E-mail : bertrand.decharme[at]

Office : Office 287, 2° floor of the Navier building
Phone : +33 (0)5 61 07 93 64
Fax : +33 (0)5 61 07 96 10
42, Av. Gaspard Coriolis
31057 Toulouse Cedex, FRANCE


 Research field

Continental surface processes (soil, hydrology, carbon)
Surface/atmosphere coupling



  • 2003-2005 PhD thesis; GAME-CNRM; parameterization of land surface hydrology in global land surface models - CNRM-GAME - Paul Sabatier University
  • 2002 MSc, Geophysics, Paul Sabatier University (Toulouse III)
  • 1999-2001 BSc, Physics, Paul Sabatier University (Toulouse III)


  • 2008-Present Research Scientist at CNRS : study of land surface processes (hydrology, carbon cycle) and land-surface / climate feedbacks.
  • 2007-2008 Post-doctoral Fellow; GAME-CNRM ; study of boreal hydrology; ANR Impact –Boreal
  • 2006-2007 Post-doctoral Fellow; CETP and LSCE; physical implications of hydrology on the West African Monsoon; AMMA project.



  • Boone, A., Samuelsson, P., Gollvik, S., Napoly, A., Jarlan, L., Brun, E., and Decharme, B.: The interactions between soil–biosphere–atmosphere land surface model with a multi-energy balance (ISBA-MEB) option in SURFEXv8 – Part 1: Model description, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 843-872, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-843-2017, 2017.
  • Napoly, A., Boone, A., Samuelsson, P., Gollvik, S., Martin, E., Seferian, R., Carrer, D., Decharme, B., and Jarlan, L.: The Interactions between Soil-Biosphere-Atmosphere (ISBA) land surface model Multi-Energy Balance (MEB) option in SURFEX – Part 2: Model evaluation for local scale forest sites, Geosci. Model Dev., doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-270, accepted, 2017.
  • Ringeval, B., Augusto, L., Monod, H., van Apeldoorn, D., Bouwman, L., Yang, X., Achat, D. L., Chini, L. P., Van Oost, K., Guenet, B., Wang, R., Decharme, B., Nesme, T. and Pellerin, S. (2017), Phosphorus in agricultural soils: drivers of its distribution at the global scale. Glob Change Biol. doi:10.1111/gcb.13618
  • Xia, J., et al. (2017), Terrestrial ecosystem model performance in simulating productivity and its vulnerability to climate change in the northern permafrost region, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 122, 430–446, doi:10.1002/2016JG003384.


  • Boisserie, M., Decharme, B., Descamps, L. and Arbogast, P. (2016), Land surface initialization strategy for a global reforecast dataset. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 142: 880–888. doi: 10.1002/qj.2688
  • Decharme, B., Brun, E., Boone, A., Delire, C., Le Moigne, P., and Morin, S.: Impacts of snow and organic soils parameterization on northern Eurasian soil temperature profiles simulated by the ISBA land surface model, The Cryosphere, 10, 853-877, doi:10.5194/tc-10-853-2016, 2016.
  • Emery, C.M., S. Biancamaria, A. Boone, P. Garambois, S. Ricci, M.C. Rochoux, and Decharme, B., 2016: Temporal Variance-Based Sensitivity Analysis of the River-Routing Component of the Large-Scale Hydrological Model ISBA–TRIP: Application on the Amazon Basin. J. Hydrometeor., 17, 3007–3027, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0050.1.
  • Haughton, N., G. Abramowitz, A. Pitman, D. Or, M. Best, H. Johnson, G. Balsamo, A. Boone, M. Cuntz, Decharme, B., P. Dirmeyer, J. Dong, M. Ek, Z. Guo, V. Haverd, B. van den Hurk, G. Nearing, B. Pak, J. Santanello Jr., L. Stevens, and N. Vuichard, 2016: The plumbing of land surface models: is poor performance a result of methodology or data quality? J. Hydrometeor., 17, 1705–1723, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-15-0171.1.
  • Le Moigne P., J. Colin, and Decharme, B. (2016) Impact of lake surface temperatures simulated by the FLake scheme in the CNRM-CM5 climate model, Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 68:1, 31274
  • Peng, S., Ciais, P., Krinner, G., Wang, T., Gouttevin, I., McGuire, A. D., Lawrence, D., Burke, E., Chen, X., Decharme, B., Koven, C., MacDougall, A., Rinke, A., Saito, K., Zhang, W., Alkama, R., Bohn, T. J., Delire, C., Hajima, T., Ji, D., Lettenmaier, D. P., Miller, P. A., Moore, J. C., Smith, B., and Sueyoshi, T.: Simulated high-latitude soil thermal dynamics during the past 4 decades, The Cryosphere, 10, 179-192, doi:10.5194/tc-10-179-2016, 2016.
  • Séférian, R., Delire, C., Decharme, B., Voldoire, A., Salas y Melia, D., Chevallier, M., Saint-Martin, D., Aumont, O., Calvet, J.-C., Carrer, D., Douville, H., Franchistéguy, L., Joetzjer, E., and Sénési, S.: Development and evaluation of CNRM Earth system model – CNRM-ESM1, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 1423-1453, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1423-2016, 2016.
  • Wang, W., Rinke, A., Moore, J. C., Cui, X., Ji, D., Li, Q., Zhang, N., Wang, C., Zhang, S., Lawrence, D. M., McGuire, A. D., Zhang, W., Delire, C., Koven, C., Saito, K., MacDougall, A., Burke, E., and Decharme, B.: Diagnostic and model dependent uncertainty of simulated Tibetan permafrost area, The Cryosphere, 10, 287-306, doi:10.5194/tc-10-287-2016, 2016.


  • Rawlins, M. A., McGuire, A. D., Kimball, J. S., Dass, P., Lawrence, D., Burke, E., Chen, X., Delire, C., Koven, C., MacDougall, A., Peng, S., Rinke, A., Saito, K., Zhang, W., Alkama, R., Bohn, T. J., Ciais, P., Decharme, B., Gouttevin, I., Hajima, T., Ji, D., Krinner, G., Lettenmaier, D. P., Miller, P., Moore, J. C., Smith, B., and Sueyoshi, T.: Assessment of model estimates of land-atmosphere CO2 exchange across Northern Eurasia, Biogeosciences, 12, 4385-4405, doi:10.5194/bg-12-4385-2015, 2015.
  • Garrigues, S., Olioso, A., Carrer, D., Decharme, B., Calvet, J.-C., Martin, E., Moulin, S., and Marloie, O.: Impact of climate, vegetation, soil and crop management variables on multi-year ISBA-A-gs simulations of evapotranspiration over a Mediterranean crop site, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 3033-3053, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-3033-2015, 2015.
  • Joetzjer, E., Delire, C., Douville, H., Ciais, P., Decharme B., Carrer, D., Verbeeck, H., De Weirdt, M., and Bonal, D.: Improving the ISBACC land surface model simulation of water and carbon fluxes and stocks over the Amazon forest, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 1709-1727, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-1709-2015, 2015.
  • Cassé C, M Gosset, C Peugeot, V Pedinotti, A Boone, BA Tanimoun, Decharme B. (2015) Potential of satellite rainfall products to predict Niger River flood events in Niamey, Atmospheric Research, 163, 162-176, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2015.01.010
  • Best, M. J. , G. Abramowitz, H. R. Johnson, A. J. Pitman, G. Balsamo, A. Boone, M. Cuntz, Decharme B., P. A. Dirmeyer, J. Dong, M. Ek, Z. Guo, V. Haverd, B. J. J. van den Hurk, G. S. Nearing, B. Pak, C. Peters-Lidard, J. A. Santanello Jr., L. Stevens, and N. Vuichard, 2015: The Plumbing of Land Surface Models: Benchmarking Model Performance. J. Hydrometeor, 16, 1425–1442. doi:


  • Sevault F., Somot S., Alias A., Dubois C., Lebeaupin-Brossier C., Nabat P., Adloff F., Déqué M. And Decharme B. (2014) Ocean simulation of the 1980-2012 period for the Mediterranean Sea using a fully-coupled atmosphere-land-hydrology-river-ocean Regional Climate System Model: design and evaluation. Tellus A 2014, 66, 23967, tellusa.v66.23967
  • Joetzjer, E., Delire, C., Douville, H., Ciais, P., Decharme B., Fisher, R., Christoffersen, B., Calvet, J. C., da Costa, A. C. L., Ferreira, L. V., and Meir, P.: Predicting the response of the Amazon rainforest to persistent drought conditions under current and future climates: a major challenge for global land surface models, Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 2933-2950, doi:10.5194/gmd-7-2933-2014, 2014.
  • Canal, N., Calvet, J.-C., Decharme B., Carrer, D., Lafont, S., and Pigeon, G.: Evaluation of root water uptake in the ISBA-A-gs land surface model using agricultural yield statistics over France, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 4979-4999, doi:10.5194/hess-18-4979-2014, 2014.
  • Getirana, A., E. Dutra, M. Guimberteau, J. Kam, H. Yi Li, Decharme B., Z. Zhang, A. Ducharne, A. Boone, G. Balsamo, M. Rodell, A. M. Toure, Y. Xue, C. D. Peters-Lidard, S. V. Kumar, K. Arsenault, G. Drapeau, L. Ruby Leung, J. Ronchail and J. Sheffield, 2014 : Water Balance in the Amazon Basin from a Land Surface Model Ensemble. Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p2586-2614. 29p. DOI: 10.1175/JHM-D-14-0068.1
  • Vergnes, J.-P., B. Decharme, and F. Habets (2014), Introduction of groundwater capillary rises using subgrid spatial variability of topography into the ISBA land surface model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, doi:10.1002/2014JD021573.
  • Cazenave A., H.-B. Dieng, B. Meyssignac, K. von Schuckmann, B. Decharme, E. Berthier, 2014, The rate of sea-level rise, Nature Climate Change, 4, 358-361 doi:10.1038/nclimate2159.
  • Parrens, M; Calvet, JC; de Rosnay, P; Decharme B., 2014, Benchmarking of L-band soil microwave emission models, RSE, 140, 407-419, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.09.017


  • Alkama, R., Marchand, L., Ribes, A., and Decharme B.: Detection of global runoff changes: results from observations and CMIP5 experiments, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 2967-2979, doi:10.5194/hess-17-2967-2013, 2013.
  • Brun, E., V. Vionnet, A. Boone, B. Decharme, Y. Peings, R. Valette, F. Karbou, S. Morin, 2013: Simulation of Northern Eurasian Local Snow Depth, Mass, and Density Using a Detailed Snowpack Model and Meteorological Reanalyses. J. Hydrometeor, 14, 203–219. doi:
  • Carrer, D., J.-L. Roujean, S. Lafont, J.-C. Calvet, A. Boone, B. Decharme, C. Delire, and J.-P. Gastellu-Etchegorry (2013), A canopy radiative transfer scheme with explicit FAPAR for the interactive vegetation model ISBA-A-gs: Impact on carbon fluxes, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 118, 888–903, doi:10.1002/jgrg.20070.
  • Decharme B., E. Martin, and S. Faroux (2013), Reconciling soil thermal and hydrological lower boundary conditions in land surface models, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50631.
  • Douville H, A Ribes, B Decharme, R Alkama, J Sheffield (2013) Anthropogenic influence on multidecadal changes in reconstructed global evapotranspiration, Nature Climate Change, 3(1), 59-62, doi:10.1038/nclimate1632.
  • Joetzjer, E., Douville, H., Delire, C., Ciais, P., Decharme B., and Tyteca, S.: Hydrologic benchmarking of meteorological drought indices at interannual to climate change timescales: a case study over the Amazon and Mississippi river basins, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 4885-4895, doi:10.5194/hess-17-4885-2013, 2013
  • Lucas-Picher, P., S. Somot, M. Deque, B. Decharme, A. Alias, 2013: Evaluation of the regional climate model ALADIN to simulate the climate over North America in the CORDEX framework. Climate Dyn., 41,5-6,1117-1137, 10.1007/s00382-012-1613-8.
  • Masson, V., Le Moigne, P., Martin, E., Faroux, S., Alias, A., Alkama, R., Belamari, S., Barbu, A., Boone, A., Bouyssel, F., Brousseau, P., Brun, E., Calvet, J.-C., Carrer, D., Decharme B., Delire, C., Donier, S., Essaouini, K., Gibelin, A.-L., Giordani, H., Habets, F., Jidane, M., Kerdraon, G., Kourzeneva, E., Lafaysse, M., Lafont, S., Lebeaupin Brossier, C., Lemonsu, A., Mahfouf, J.-F., Marguinaud, P., Mokhtari, M., Morin, S., Pigeon, G., Salgado, R., Seity, Y., Taillefer, F., Tanguy, G., Tulet, P., Vincendon, B., Vionnet, V., and Voldoire, A.: The SURFEXv7.2 land and ocean surface platform for coupled or offline simulation of earth surface variables and fluxes, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 929-960, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-929-2013, 2013.
  • Voldoire A., E. Sanchez-Gomez, D. Salas y Mélia, B. Decharme, C. Cassou, S. Sénési, S. Valcke, I. Beau, A. Alias, M. Chevallier, M. Déqué, J. Deshayes, H. Douville, E. Fernandez, G. Madec, E. Maisonnave, M.-P. Moine, S. Planton, D. Saint-Martin, S. Szopa, S. Tyteca, R. Alkama, S. Belamari, A. Braun, L. Coquart and F. Chauvin, 2013, The CNRM-CM5.1 global climate model: description and basic evaluation, Climate dyn., 40, 2091-2121, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-011-1259-y.


  • Decharme B.; R. Alkama; F. Papa; S. Faroux; H. Douville and C. Prigent, 2012, Global off−line evaluation of the ISBA−TRIP flood model, Climate Dynamics, 38, 1389-1412, doi:10.1007/s00382−011−1054−9
  • Getirana, A. C. V., A. Boone, Yamazaki, D., Decharme B., Papa, F., and Mognard, N., 2012: The Hydrological Modeling and Analysis Platform (HyMAP): evaluation in the Amazon basin. J. Hydrometeor, 13, 1641–1665, doi:
  • Pedinotti, V., Boone, A., Decharme B., Crétaux, J. F., Mognard, N., Panthou, G., Papa, F., and Tanimoun, B. A.: Evaluation of the ISBA-TRIP continental hydrologic system over the Niger basin using in situ and satellite derived datasets, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1745-1773, doi:10.5194/hess-16-1745-2012, 2012.
  • Ringeval, B., Decharme B., Piao, S. L., Ciais, P., Papa, F., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Prigent, C., Friedlingstein, P., Gouttevin, I., Koven, C., and Ducharne, A.: Modelling sub-grid wetland in the ORCHIDEE global land surface model: evaluation against river discharges and remotely sensed data, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 941-962, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-941-2012, 2012
  • Szczypta, C., Decharme B., Carrer, D., Calvet, J.-C., Lafont, S., Somot, S., Faroux, S., and Martin, E.: Impact of precipitation and land biophysical variables on the simulated discharge of European and Mediterranean rivers, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 3351-3370, doi:10.5194/hess-16-3351-2012, 2012.
  • Vergnes, J.-P., B. Decharme, R. Alkama, E. Martin, F. Habets, H. Douville, 2012: A Simple Groundwater Scheme for Hydrological and Climate Applications: Description and Offline Evaluation over France. J. Hydrometeor, 13, 1149–1171. doi:
  • Vergnes, J.-P. and Decharme B.: A simple groundwater scheme in the TRIP river routing model: global off-line evaluation against GRACE terrestrial water storage estimates and observed river discharges, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 3889-3908, doi:10.5194/hess-16-3889-2012, 2012.


  • Alkama, R., Decharme B., H. Douville, A. Ribes, 2011, Trends in Global and Basin−Scale Runoff over the Late Twentieth Century: Methodological Issues and Sources of Uncertainty, J. Climate, 24, 3000–3014. doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3921.1
  • Becker, M., Meyssignac, B., Xavier, L., Cazenave, A., Alkama, R., and Decharme B., 2011, Past terrestrial water storage (1980–2008) in the Amazon Basin reconstructed from GRACE and in situ river gauging data, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 533−546, doi:10.5194/hess−15−533−2011.
  • Decharme B., A. Boone, C. Delire, and J. Noilhan, Local evaluation of the Interaction between Soil Biosphere Atmosphere soil multilayer diffusion scheme using four pedotransfer functions, 2011, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D20126, doi:10.1029/2011JD016002.
  • Grippa M, L. Kergoat, F. Frappart, Q. Araud, A. Boone, P. de Rosnay, J.-M. Lemoine, S. Gascoin, G. Balsamo, C. Ottlé, B. Decharme, S. Saux-Picart, G. Ramillien, 2011, Land water storage variability over West Africa estimated by Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) and land surface models, Water Resour. Res., 47, W05549, doi:10.1029/2009WR008856.
  • Llovel W., M. Becker, A. Cazenave, S. Jevrejeva, R. Alkama, B. Decharme, H. Douville, M. Ablain, B. Beckley, 2011, Terrestrial waters and sea level variations on interannual time scale, Global and Planetary Change, 75, 76−82, DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2010.10.008.
  • Peings Y., H. Douville, R. Alkama and B. Decharme, 2011, Snow contribution to springtime atmospheric predictability over the second half of the twentieth century; Climate Dynamics, Volume 37, Numbers 5−6, 985−1004, DOI: 10.1007/s00382−010−0884−1
  • Ringeval, B., Friedlingstein, P., Koven, C., Ciais, P., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Decharme B., and Cadule, P.: Climate-CH4 feedback from wetlands and its interaction with the climate-CO2 feedback, Biogeosciences, 8, 2137-2157, doi:10.5194/bg-8-2137-2011, 2011.
  • Zakharova, E. A., A. V. Kouraev, S. Biancamaria, M. V. Kolmakova, N. M. Mognard, V. A. Zemtsov, S. N. Kirpotin, B. Decharme, 2011, Snow Cover and Spring Flood Flow in the Northern Part of Western Siberia (the Poluy, Nadym, Pur, and Taz Rivers), J. Hydrometeor, 12, 1498-1511, DOI:10.1175/JHM-D-11-017.1.


  • Alkama, R; Decharme B.; Douville, H; Becker, M; Cazenave, A; Sheffield, J; Voldoire, A; Tyteca, S; Le Moigne, P, 2010, Global Evaluation of the ISBA−TRIP Continental Hydrological System. Part I: Comparison to GRACE Terrestrial Water Storage Estimates and In Situ River Discharges. J. Hydrometeor, 11 (3): 583−600
  • Decharme B.; Alkama, R; Douville, H; Becker, M; Cazenave, A Global Evaluation of the ISBA−TRIP Continental Hydrological System. Part II: Uncertainties in River Routing Simulation Related to Flow Velocity and Groundwater Storage, 2010, J. Hydrometeor, 11 (3): 601−61, doi: 10.1175/2010JHM1212.1
  • Guichard, F., N. Asencio, C. Peugeot, O. Bock, J.-L. Redelsperger, X. Cui, M. Garvert, B. Lamptey, E. Orlandi, J. Sander, F. Fierli, M. A. Gaertner, S. C. Jones, J.-P. Lafore, A. Morse, M. Nuret, A. Boone, G. Balsamo, P. de Rosnay, B. Decharme, P. P. Harris, J.-C. Bergès, 2010, An Intercomparison of Simulated Rainfall and Evapotranspiration Associated with a Mesoscale Convective System over West Africa. Weather and Forecasting, 25 (1): 37−60, doi: 10.1175/2009WAF2222250.1


  • Boone A., Rosnay, G. Balsamo, A. Beljaars, F. Chopin, B. Decharme, C. Delire, A. Ducharne, S. Gascoin, M. Grippa, F. Guichard, Y. Gusev, P. Harris, L. Jarlan, L. Kergoat, E. Mougin, O. Nasonova, A. Norgaard, T. Orgeval, C. Ottlé, I. Poccard-Leclercq, J. Polcher, I. Sandholt, S. Saux-Picart, C. Taylor, and Y. Xue, 2009, The AMMA Land Surface Model Intercomparison Project (ALMIP). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 12, 1865−1880
  • de Rosnay, P., M. Drusch, A. Boone, G. Balsamo, B. Decharme, P. Harris, Y. Kerr, T. Pellarin, J. Polcher, and J.-P. Wigneron, 2009, AMMA Land Surface Model Intercomparison Experiment coupled to the Community Microwave Emission Model: ALMIP−MEM. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, 114, DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010724.
  • Decharme B., C. Ottlé, S. Saux-Picart, N. Boulain, B. Cappelaere, D. Ramier, and M. Zribi, 2009 : A New Land Surface Hydrology within the Noah-WRF Land-Atmosphere Mesoscale Model Applied to Semiarid Environment: Evaluation over the Dantiandou Kori (Niger). Advances in Meteorology, 2009, 13 pp, doi:10.1155/2009/731874
  • Pellarin T., J.P. Laurent, B. Cappelaere, B. Decharme, L. Descroix, D. Ramier, 2009, Hydrological modelling and associated microwave emission of a semi−arid region in South−western Niger. J. Hydro., 375 (1−2): 262−272
  • Saux−Picart S., C. Ottlé, B. Decharme, C. André, M. Zribi, A. Perrier, B. Coudert, N. Boulain, B. Cappelaere, L. Descroix, D. Ramier, 2009a, Water and energy budgets simulation over the AMMA−Niger super−site spatially constrained with remote sensing data, J. Hydro., 375 (1−2): 287−295
  • Saux−Picart S., Ottle C., Perrier A., Decharme B., Coudert B., Zribi M., Boulain N., Cappelaere B., Ramier D, 2009b, SEtHyS_Savannah: A multiple source land surface model applied to Sahelian landscapes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149 (9): 1421−1432
  • Zribi M., Pardé M., Rosnay de P., Baup F., Boulain N., Descroix L., Pellarin T., Mougin Eric, Ottle C., Decharme B., 2009, ERS scatterometer surface soil moisture analysis of two sites in the south and north of the Sahel region of West Africa, J. Hydro., 375 (1−2): 253−261


  • Decharme B., H. Douville, C. Prigent, F. Papa, and F. Aires, 2008, A new river flooding scheme for global climate applications: Off-line evaluation over South America. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D11110, doi:10.1029/2007JD009376.


  • Decharme B., 2007 : Influence of the runoff representation on continental hydrology using the NOAH and the ISBA land surface models. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D19108, doi:10.1029/2007JD008463.
  • Decharme B., H. Douville, 2007: Global validation of the ISBA Sub-Grid Hydrology. Climate Dyn., 29, 21-37, doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0216-7
  • Zribi, M., C. André, B. Decharme, 2007: A method for soil moisture estimation in Western Africa based on ERS scatterometer. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote sensing, 46, 1-11.


  • Boone A., N. Mognard, B. Decharme, H. Douville, M. Grippa, K. Kerrigan, 2006, The impact of simulated soil temperatures on the estimation of snow depth over Siberia from SSM/I compared to a multi-model climatology. Remote sensing of environement, 101, 482-494, DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2006.01.014
  • Decharme B. and H. Douville, 2006b: Uncertainties in the GSWP-2 precipitation forcing and their impacts on regional and global hydrological simulations. Climate Dyn., 27, 695-713, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-006-0160-6
  • Decharme B., H. Douville, A. Boone, F. Habets, et J. Noilhan, 2006: Impact of an exponential profile of saturated hydraulic conductivity within the ISBA LSM: simulations over the Rhône basin. J. Hydrometeor, 7, 61–80.
  • Decharme B. and H. Douville, 2006a: Introduction of a sub-grid hydrology in the ISBA land surface model. Climate Dyn., 26, 65 - 78.