SAINT-MARTIN David


- Research scientist
- Groupe de Modélisation Grande Échelle et Climat (GMGEC)
- Équipe ATMO (ATMO)

- Habilitation à diriger des recherches : Modélisation numérique du climat : de la théorie à la pratique (pdf), soutenue le 13 octobre 2021 (oral)
- PhD : Étude comparative du rôle de la dynamique et de la chimie dans la modélisation de l’atmosphère moyenne (pdf), soutenue le 25 novembre 2010 (oral)

E-mail : david [dot] saint-martin [at] meteo [dot] fr
Postal address : CNRM/GMGEC/AMACS - 42, Av. Gaspard Coriolis - 31057 Toulouse Cedex, FRANCE
Phone number : +33 (0)5 61 07 96 93
Last update : oct 22, 2021


 Research Interests

  • Climate modelling.
  • Climate sensitivity and feedbacks.
  • Middle atmosphere dynamics.
  • AI techniques.

 Publications

- ORCID : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8478-6914
- ReasercherID : http://www.researcherid.com/rid/P-7006-2018


In progress

Balogh, B., D. Saint-Martin, and A. Ribes (2021), How to calibrate a climate model with neural network based physics ?, Geophys. Res. Lett., submitted https://www.essoar.org/doi/abs/10.1002/essoar.10508066.1


2021

# Abalos, M., N. Calvo, S. Benito-Barca, H. Garny, S. C. Hardiman, P. Lin, M. B. Andrews, N. Butchart, R. Garcia, C. Orbe, D. Saint-Martin, S. Watanabe and K. Yoshida (2021), The Brewer-Dobson circulation in CMIP6, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 13571-13591, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-13571-2021

# Balogh, B., D. Saint-Martin, and A. Ribes (2021), A toy model to investigate stability of AI-based dynamical systems, Geophys. Res. Lett., https://doi-org/10.1029/2020GL092133

# Saint-Martin, D., O. Geoffroy, A. Voldoire, J. Cattiaux, F. Brient, F. Chauvin, M. Chevallier, J. Colin, B. Decharme, C. Delire, H. Douville, J.‐F. Guérémy, E. Joetzjer, A. Ribes, R. Roehrig, L. Terray, and S. Valcke (2021), Tracking changes in climate sensitivity in CNRM climate models, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13, e2020MS002190, https://doi-org/10.1029/2020MS002190


2020

# Amos, M., P. J. Young, J. S. Hosking, J.-F. Lamarque, N. Luke Abraham, H. Akiyoshi, A. T. Archibald, S. Bekki, M. Deushi, P. Jöckel, D. Kinnison, O. Kirner, M. Kunze, M. Marchand, D. A. Plummer, D. Saint-Martin, K. Sudo, S. Tilmes, and Y. Yamashita (2020), Projecting ozone hole recovery using an ensemble of chemistry-climate models weighted by model performance and independence, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 9961-9977, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-9961-2020

# Roehrig, R., I. Beau, D. Saint-Martin, A. Alias, B. Decharme, J.‐F. Guérémy, A. Voldoire, A.‐L. Ahmat Younous, E. Bazile, S. Belamari, S. Blein, D. Bouniol, Y. Bouteloup, J. Cattiaux, F. Chauvin, M. Chevallier, J. Colin, H. Douville, P. Marquet, M. Michou, P. Nabat, T. Oudar, P. Peyrillé, J.‐M. Piriou, D. Salas y Melia, R. Séférian, and S. Sénési (2020), The CNRM global atmosphere model ARPEGE‐Climat 6.3 : description and evaluation, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2020MS002075, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020MS002075

# Nabat, P., S. Somot, C. Cassou, M. Mallet, M. Michou, D. Bouniol, B. Decharme, T. Drugé, R. Roehrig, and D. Saint-Martin (2020), Modulation of radiative aerosols effects by atmospheric circulation over the Euro-Mediterranean region, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 8315-8349, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-8315-2020

# Ayarzagüena, B., A. J. Charlton-Perez, A. H. Butler, P. Hitchcock, I. R. Simpson, L. M. Polvani, N. Butchart, E. P. Gerber, L. Gray, B. Hassler, P. Lin, F. Lott, E. Manzini, R. Mizuta, C. Orbe, S. Osprey, D. Saint-Martin, M. Sigmond, M. Taguchi, E. M. Volodin, and S. Watanabe (2020), Uncertainty in the response of sudden stratospheric warmings and stratosphere-troposphere coupling to quadrupled CO2 concentrations in CMIP6 models, Journal of Geophysical Research : Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD032345, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD032345

# Douville, D., B. Decharme, C. Delire, J. Colin, E. Joetzjer, R. Roehrig, D. Saint-Martin, T. Oudar, R. Stchepounoff, and A. Voldoire (2020), Drivers of the enhanced decline of land near-surface relative humidity to abrupt-4xCO2 in CNRM-CM6-1, Climate Dynamics, 55, 1613-1629, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-020-05351-x

# Oudar, T., J. Cattiaux, H. Douville, O. Geoffroy, D. Saint-Martin, and R. Roehrig (2020), Robustness and drivers of the Northern Hemisphere extratropical atmospheric circulation response to a CO2-induced warming in CNRM-CM6-1, Climate Dynamics, 54, 2267-2285, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-019-05113-4


2019

# Michou, M., P. Nabat, D. Saint-Martin, J. Bock, B. Decharme, M. Mallet, R. Roehrig, R. Séférian, S. Sénési, and A. Voldoire (2019), Present-day and historical aerosol and ozone characteristics in CNRM CMIP6 simulations, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2019MS001816, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001816

# Séférian, R., P. Nabat, M. Michou, D. Saint-Martin, A. Voldoire, J. Colin, B. Decharme, C. Delire, S. Berthet, M. Chevallier, S. Sénési, L. Franchistéguy, J. Vial, M. Mallet, E. Joetzjer, O. Geoffroy, J.-F. Guérémy, M.-P. Moine, R. Msadek, A. Ribes, M. Rocher, R. Roehrig, D. Salas y Mélia, E. Sanchez, L. Terray, S. Valcke, R. Waldman, O. Aumont, L. Bopp, J. Deshayes, C. Éthé, and G. Madec (2019), Evaluation of CNRM Earth‐System model, CNRM‐ESM2‐1 : role of Earth system processes in present‐day and future climate, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 4182-4227 https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001791

# Geoffroy, O., and D. Saint-Martin, D. (2019), Equilibrium- and transient-state dependencies of climate sensitivity : are they important for climate projections ?, J. Climate, 33, 1863-1879, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0248.1

# Voldoire, A., D. Saint-Martin, S. Sénési, B. Decharme, A. Alias, M. Chevallier, J. Colin, et al. (2019), Evaluation of CMIP6 DECK Experiments with CNRM-CM6-1, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 2177-2213, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001683

# Saint-Martin, D., O. Geoffroy, L. Watson, H. Douville, G. Bellon, A. Voldoire, J. Cattiaux, B. Decharme, and A. Ribes (2019), Fast forward to perturbed equilibrium climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 8969– 8975, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL083031

# Rugenstein, M., J. Bloch-Johnson, A. Abe-Ouchi, U. Beyerle, L. Cao, T. Chadha, G. Danabasoglu, J.-L. Dufresne, L. Duan, M.-A. Foujols, T. Frolicher, O. Geoffroy, J. Gregory, A. Jonko, R. Knutti, C. Li, A. Marzocchi, T. Mauritsen, M. Menary, E. Moyer, L. Nazarenko, D. Paynter, D. Saint-Martin, G. A. Schmidt, A. Yamamoto, and S. Yang (2019), LongRunMIP - motivation, design, and data access for a large collection of millennial long AO-GCM simulations, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, 2551-2570, https://doi.org/doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0068.1

# Elsbury, D., Y. Peings, D. Saint-Martin, H. Douville, and G. Magnusdottir (2019), The atmospheric response to positive IPV, positive AMV and their combination in boreal winter, J. Climate, 32, 4193-4213, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0422.1

# Decharme, B., C. Delire, M. Minvielle, J. Colin, J.-P. Vergnes, A. Alias, D. Saint-Martin, R. Séférian, S. Sénési, and A. Voldoire (2019), Recent changes in the ISBA-CTRIP land surface system for use in the CNRM-CM6 climate model and in global off-line hydrological applications, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 1207-1252, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018MS001545

# McCoy, D. T., P. R. Field, G. S. Elsaesser, A. Bodas-Salcedo, B. H. Kahn, M. D. Zelinka, C. Kodama, T. Mauritsen, B. Vanniere, M. Roberts, P. L. Vidale, D. Saint-Martin, A. Voldoire, R. Haarsma, A. Hill, B. Shipway, and J. Wilkinson (2019), Cloud feedbacks in extratropical cyclones : insight from long-term satellite data and high-resolution global simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 1147-1172, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1147-2019

# Mallet, M., P. Nabat, P. Zuidema, J. Redemann, A. M. Sayer, M. Stengel, S. Schmidt, C. Cochrane, S. Burton, R. Ferrare, K. Meyer, P. Saide, H. Jethva, O., Torres, R. Wood, D. Saint-Martin, R. Roehrig, C. Hsu, and P. Formenti (2019), Simulation of the transport, vertical distribution, optical properties and radiative impact of smoke aerosols with the ALADIN regional climate model during the ORACLES-2016 and LASIC experiments, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 4963-4990, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-4963-2019

# Lamy, K., T. Portafaix, B. Josse, C. Brogniez, S. Godin-Beekmann, H. Bencherif, L. Revell, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, M. I. Hegglin, P. Jöckel, O. Kirner, V. Marecal, O. Morgenstern, A. Stenke, G. Zeng, N. L. Abraham, A. T. Archibald, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, G. Di Genova, M., Deushi, S. S. Dhomse, R.-M. Hu, D. Kinnison, M. Michou, F. M. O’Connor, L. D. Oman, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, J. A. Pyle, E. Rozanov, D. Saint-Martin, K. Sudo, T. Y. Tanaka, D. Visioni, and K. Yoshida (2019), Clear-sky ultraviolet radiation modelling using output from the Chemistry Climate Model Initiative, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 10087–10110, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-10087-2019


2018

# Séférian, R., S. Baek, O. Boucher, J.-L. Dufresne, B. Decharme, D. Saint-Martin, and R. Roehrig (2018), An interactive ocean surface albedo scheme (OSAv1.0) : formulation and evaluation in ARPEGE-Climat (V6.1) and LMDZ (V5A), Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 321-338, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-321-2018

# Ayarzagüena, B., L. M. Polvani, U. Langematz, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, N. Butchart, M. Dameris, M. Deushi, S. C. Hardiman, P. Jöckel, A. Klekociuk, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, F. M. O’Connor, L. D. Oman, D. A. Plummer, L. Revell, E. Rozanov, D. Saint-Martin, J. Scinocca, A. Stenke, K. Stone, Y. Yamashita, K. Yoshida and G. Zeng (2018), No robust evidence of future changes in major stratospheric sudden warmings : a multi-model assessment from CCMI, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 11277-11287, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-11277-2018

# Wales, P. A., R. J. Salawitch, J. M. Nicely, D. C. Anderson, T. P. Canty, S. Baidar, B. Dix, T. K. Koenig, R. Volkamer, D. Chen, L. G. Huey, D. J. Tanner, C. A. Cuevas, R. P. Fernandez, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, A. Saiz‐Lopez, E. L. Atlas, S. R. Hall, M. A. Navarro, L. L. Pan, S. M. Schauffler, M. Stell, S. Tilmes, K. Ullmann, A. J. Weinheimer, H. Akiyoshi, M. P. Chipperfield, M. Deushi, S. S. Dhomse, W. Feng, P. Graf, R. Hossaini, P. Jöckel, E. Mancini, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, L. D. Oman, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, L. E. Revell, E. Rozanov, D. Saint-Martin, R. Schofield, A. Stenke, K. A. Stone, D. Visioni, Y. Yamashita, G. Zeng (2018), Stratospheric injection of brominated very short-lived substances : aircraft observations in the Western Pacific and representation in global models, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 5690-5719, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JD027978

# Watson, L. M. Michou, P. Nabat, and D. Saint-Martin (2018), Assessment of CNRM coupled ocean-atmosphere model sensitivity to the representation of aerosols, Clim. Dyn., 51:2877, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4054-6


2017

# Douville, H., Y. Peings, and D. Saint-Martin (2017), Snow-(N)AO relationship revisited over the whole 20th century, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 569-577, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL071584

# Morgenstern, O., M. I. Hegglin, E. Rozanov, F. O’Connor, L. Abraham, H. Akiyoshi, A. Archibald, S. Bekki, N. Butchart, M. Chipperfield, M. Deushi, S. Dhomse, R. Garcia, S. Hardiman, L. Horowitz, P. Joeckel, B. Josse, D. Kinnison, M. Lin, E. Mancini, M. Manyin, M. Marchand, V. Marecal, M. Michou, L. D. Oman, G. Pitari, D. A. Plummer, L. E. Revell, D. Saint-Martin, R. Schofield, A. Stenke, K. Stone, K. Sudo, T. Y. Tanaka, S. Tilmes, Y. Yamashita, K. Yoshida, and G. Zeng (2017), Review of the global models used within phase 1 of the Chemistry–Climate Model Initiative (CCMI), Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 639-671, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-639-2017

# Peings, Y., H. Douville, J. Colin, D. Saint-Martin, and G. Magnusdottir (2017), Snow–(N)AO Teleconnection and Its Modulation by the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation, J. Climate, 30, 10211–10235, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0041.1


2016

# Cattiaux, J., Y. Peings, D. Saint-Martin, N. Trou-Kechout and S. J. Vavrus (2016), Sinuosity of midlatitude atmospheric flow in a warming world, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 8259–8268, doi:10.1002/2016GL070309

# Séférian, R., C. Delire, B. Decharme, A. Voldoire, D. Salas-Mélia, M. Chevallier, D. Saint-Martin, J.-C. Calvet, D. Carrer, H. Douville, L. Franchistéguy, E. Joetzjer and S. Sénési (2016), Development and evaluation of CNRM Earth-System model, CNRM-ESM1, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 1423-1453, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1423-2016


2015

# Geoffroy, O., D. Saint-Martin and A. Voldoire (2015), Land-sea warming contrast : the role of the horizontal energy transport, Clim. Dyn., 45:3493, DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2552-y

# Michou, M., P. Nabat and D. Saint-Martin (2015), Development and basic evaluation of a prognostic aerosol scheme (v1) in the CNRM Climate Model CNRM-CM6, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 501-531, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-501-2015


2014

# Geoffroy, O., and D. Saint-Martin (2014), Pattern decomposition of the transient climate response, Tellus A, 66, 23393, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v66.23393

# Geoffroy, O., D. Saint-Martin, A. Voldoire, D. Salas-Mélia and S. Sénési (2014), Adjusted radiative forcing and global radiative feedbacks in CNRM-CM5, a closure of the partial decomposition, Clim. Dyn., 42, 1807-1818, DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1741-9

# Lacressonnière, G., V.-H. Peuch, R. Vautard, J. Arteta, M. Déqué, M. Joly, B. Josse, V. Marécal, and D. Saint-Martin (2014), European air quality in the 2030s and 2050s : Impacts of global and regional emission trends and of climate change, Atm. Env., 92, 348-358, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.033


2013

# Huszar, P., H. Teyssèdre, M. Michou, A. Voldoire, D. J. L. Olivié, D. Saint-Martin, D. Cariolle, S. Sénési, D. Salas Y Melia, A. Alias, F. Karcher, P. Ricaud, and T. Halenka (2013), Modeling the present and future impact of aviation on climate : an AOGCM approach with online coupled chemistry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10027-10048, DOI:10.5194/ACPD-13-10027-2013

# Geoffroy, O., D. Saint-Martin, D. J. L. Olivié, A. Voldoire, G. Bellon, and S. Tytéca (2013), Transient climate response in a two-layer energy-balance model. Part I : analytical solution and parameter calibration using CMIP5 AOGCM experiments, J. Climate, 26, 1841-1857, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00195.1

# Geoffroy, O., D. Saint-Martin, G. Bellon, A. Voldoire, D. J. L. Olivié, and S. Tytéca (2013), Transient climate response in a two-layer energy-balance model. Part II : representation of the efficacy of deep-ocean heat uptake and validation for CMIP5 AOGCMs, J. Climate, 26, 1859-1876, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00196.1

# Voldoire A., E. Sanchez-Gomez, D. Salas-Mélia, B. Decharme, C. Cassou, S. Sénési, S. Valcke, I. Beau, A. Alias, M. Chevallier, M. Déqué, J. Deshayes, H. Douville, E. Fernandez, G. Madec, E. Maisonnave, M.-P. Moine, S. Planton, D.Saint-Martin, S. Szopa, S. Tyteca, R. Alkama, S. Belamari, A. Braun, L. Coquart, and F. Chauvin (2013), The CNRM-CM5.1 global climate model : description and basic evaluation, Clim. Dyn., 40, 2091-2121, DOI:10.1007/s00382-011-1259-y

# Eyring, V., I. Cionni, J. M. Arblaster, J. Sedlacek, J. Perlwitz, P. J. Young, S. Bekki, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, W. J. Collins, G. Faluvegi, K.-D. Gottschaldt, L. W. Horowitz, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, D. R. Marsh, D. Saint-Martin, D. T. Shindell, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, and S. Watanabe (2013), Long-term changes in tropospheric and stratospheric ozone and associated climate impacts in CMIP5 simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 5029-5060, DOI : 10.1002/jgrd.50316


2012

# Geoffroy, O., D. Saint-Martin, and A. Ribes (2012), Quantifying the sources of spread in climate change experiments, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L24703, DOI:10.1029/2012GL054172

# Peings, Y., D. Saint-Martin, and H. Douville (2012), A numerical sensitivity study of the Siberian snow influence on the Northern Annular Mode, J. Climate, 25, 592-607, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00038.1

# Lacressonnière, G., V.-H. Peuch, J. Arteta, B. Josse, M. Joly, V. Marécal, D. Saint-Martin, M. Déqué, and L. Watson (2012), How realistic are air quality hindcasts driven by forcings from climate model simulations ?, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 1565-1587, DOI:10.5194/gmd-5-1565-2012

# Olivié, D. J. L., G. Peters, and D. Saint-Martin (2012), Atmosphere response time scales estimated from AOGCM experiments, J. Climate, 25, 7956-7972, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00475.1

# Olivié, D. J. L., D. Cariolle, H. Teyssèdre, D. Salas, A. Voldoire, H. Clark, D. Saint-Martin, M. Michou, F. Karcher, Y. Balkanski, M. Gauss, O. Dessens, B. Koffi, and R. Sausen (2012), Modeling the climate impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation over the period 1860–2100 with an AOGCM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1449-1480, DOI:10.5194/acp-12-1449-2012


2011

# Michou, M., D. Saint-Martin, H. Teyssèdre, A. Alias, F. Karcher, D. Olivié, A. Voldoire, B. Josse, V.-H. Peuch, H. Clark, J. N. Lee, and F. Chéroux (2011), A new version of the CNRM Chemistry-Climate Model, CNRM-CCM : description and improvements from the CCMVal-2 simulations, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 873-900, DOI:10.5194/gmd-4-873-2011

# Ouzeau, G., J. Cattiaux, H. Douville, A. Ribes, and D. Saint-Martin (2011), European cold winter 2009-2010 : How unusual in the instrumental record and how reproducible in the ARPEGE-Climat model ?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L11706, DOI:10.1029/2011GL047667


2010

# WMO (2010), Scientific assessment of stratospheric ozone : 2010. World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project, Report 52, Geneva, Switzerland, 438 pp. (contributing author) Ozone_asst_report

# Morgenstern, O., H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M. P. Chipperfield, D. Cugnet, M. Deushi, S. Dhomse, R. R. Garcia, A. Gettelman, N.P. Gillett, S.C. Hardiman, J. Jumelet, D.E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, F. Lott, M. Marchand, M. Michou, T. Nakamura, D. Olivié, T. Peter, D. Plummer, J. Pyle, E. Rozanov, D. Saint-Martin, J.F. Scinocca, K. Shibata, M. Sigmond, D. Smale, H. Teyssèdre, W. Tian, A. Voldoire, et Y. Yamashita (2010), Anthropogenic forcing of the Northern Annular Mode in CCMVAL2 models, J. Geophys. Res., 115:D00M03, DOI:10.1029/2009JD013347


2007

# Teyssèdre, H., M. Michou, H. L. Clark, B. Josse, F. Karcher, D. Olivié, V.-H. Peuch, D. Saint-Martin, D. Cariolle, J.-L Attié, P. Nédélec, P. Ricaud, V. Thouret, A. Volz-Thomas et F. Chéroux (2007), A new tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry and transport model MOCAGE-Climat for multi-years studies : evaluation of present-day climatology and sensitivity to surface processes, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7:5815-5860, DOI:10.5194/acp-7-5815-2007


 Students


PhD

- G. Ouzeau (2009-2012) : Stratospheric influence on climate variability and predictability in the winter Northern hemisphere (with H. Douville).
- B. Balogh (2019-....) : Statistical learning and physics parameterizations (with A. Ribes).
- O. Tessiot (2021-....) : Machine learning and seasonal predictability (with O. Geoffroy and L. Batté).


Master 2

- R. Bergougnoux (2012) : Interactive aerosols in the CNRM climate model, CNRM-CM (with M. Michou).


Master 1

- J. Fantin (2013) : Stratospheric internal variability.
- L. Hammoud (2014) : Stratospheric equatorial waves.


Post-docs

- D. Poitou (2012-2013, CORAC/RTAE TC2) : Parameterization of contrails in the GCM ARPEGE-Climat.
- P. Hamer (2013-2015, CORAC/RTAE IMPACT) : Introduction of tropospheric chemistry in the GCM ARPEGE-Climat.
- O. Geoffroy (2014-2014, ANR MORDICUS) : Aerosol forcing and decadal climate variability.
- L. Watson (2014-2016, ANR MORDICUS) : Aerosol forcing and decadal climate variability.


No one shall be held responsible, scientifically or otherwise for the content of these pages / articles, but the authors themselves and in no way the responsibility of the CNRM.