Mr Valéry MASSON


Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, UMR3589, Météo-France & CNRS


Mesoscale Meteorology Department

Urban Climate

42, Av. G. Coriolis

31057 Toulouse Cedex 1, France

Tél. +33 (0) 5 61 07 94 64

Fax +33 (0) 5 61 07 96 26

email :

valery (dot) masson (at) meteo (dot) fr


The TEB model is now open-source and available on the website:


URBAN CLIMATE : Cities create their own micro-climate : the so-called Urban Heat Island. This effect can either be good or bad (increasing the risk in case of heat waves for example). The urban climate is known since 1822 with the works from Luke Howard over London, but the community working on this topic, much smaller than the one on air quality for example, formed relatively late, in the 1970s, with the works of Oke, and modelling of the urban surface and urban micro-climate started around year 2000. The CAPITOUL campaign I coordinated was dedicated to the observation of the urban climate and aerosol-dynamics interactions over Toulouse. The Town Energy Balance scheme I developed is one of the first of surface schemes dedicated to urban surfaces. Validated against several measurement campaigns, it allows to reproduce urban climate features in high resolution atmospheric models, and is now incorporated in the French operational NWP model. In July2015, I organized in Toulouse with Aude Lemonsu the 9th International Conference on Urban Clumate (ICUC9), where approximately 550 scientists from 60 countries participated (

CITIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE : Current Climate change is confirmed by the IPCC experts to be caused by the human activities, especially greenhouses gazes. Interactions of Climate Heating with cities are important, both because fossil energy consumption by human activities in cities greatly contribute to emissions, and because cities, where now most people live, and some economic activities are particularly vulnerable to modifications of weather due to this climate change. One can cite for example the 2003 heat wave in France and its health consequences and high casualties in Paris and other urban areas. The research team in CNRM is involved in the (mostly numerical) study of these interactions, at the scale of the century, between climate change, growing cities and technology or inhabitants way of life evolution. This is done in collaboration with economics, social scientist, architects and urban planners. Some of the questions that we address are : what influences the urban growth and what could be the possible city expansion ? What are the impact of these interactions in term of urban climate, energy consumption, CO2 budget, in-city renewable energy production, inhabitants comfort ? ...

I coordinates the "Paris 2024 Olympics Research Demonstration Project" of the World Meteorological Organization. Meteorological centers and universities of 10 countries participate to this project, in order to contribute to the numerical weather forecasting systems of the future, down to the scale of the neighborhoods. (

TURBULENCE & ATMOSPHERIC MODELING : Weather is influenced by a large range of physical phenomenon and energy equilibriums. The energy of the earth in general and the atmosphere in particular comes from the Sun. It heats the earth surface that in turn returns, through complex mechanisms, its energy to and put into motion the atmosphere. In the first kilometers of the atmosphere, the induced instabilities result in turbulent motions, that tend to transport the surface influence higher in the atmosphere. This turbulent zone is called the Boundary Layer. Clouds are often present in or at the top of the Boundary Layer (e.g. fog, stratocumulus, cumulus) because water is evaporated from the sea or by the vegetation. The modelling of these exchanges in atmospheric models is difficult because of the chaotic nature of turbulent flows and the heterogeneity of the boundary layer. I work on turbulent schemes, that aim to represent the effect of turbulence on the flow, temperature and clouds. A new boundary layer thermal (well known from sailplane pilots) and shallow cumulus scheme (Pergaud et al 2009) as been developed in the team using Large Eddy Simulation modelling. It has been developed using Large Eddy Simulation modelling. It improves the wind and clouds forecasts in the new Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) 2km resolution of Meteo-France. More generally, I am interested in the boundary layer flows, as for example urban boundary layer (see below), marine boundary layer, orographic effects and modelling of vegetation canopy/turbulence interactions.

SURFACE-VEGETATION-ATMOSPHERE TRANSFER MODELS : Energy, water and mass exchanges between the surface (vegetation, deserts, sea, cities, etc...) drive the first meters of the atmosphere, that in turn influences (first through turbulent processes, see above) the atmosphere above. These exchanges are a lot variable in space and time, depending on diurnal cycle (especially over continent) and surface cover type. Vegetation and Surface schemes are dedicated to simulate these exchanges at the bottom of atmospheric models. I work in order to improve these schemes for a wide range of meteorological applications : the 1km ecoclimap database on the globe allows to initialise the cover type, and vegetation and soil characteristics for any atmospheric or climate model. It is evolutive to take into account future needs of surface schemes, as for plant growth simulation. I also integrated the surface schemes 1 themselves into the SURFEX software, that can be used either coupled to several research, NWP or climate models, but also used alone for surface research on surfaces processes or coupled to hydrological models.

  PhD Student supervision

Main supervisor

- Aude Lemonsu, 2000-2003: ’Modeling of surface processes and boundary layer in urban areas’

- Séverine Tomas, 2003-2006: ’Modeling and experimental study of the turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer’

- Julia Hidalgo, 2005-2008: ’An observational, numerical and theoretical approach to the daytime urban-breeze circulation in Inland Cities’

- Julien Pergaud, 2005-2008: ’Study and Parametrization of the turbulence and boundary layer clouds’

- Rachel Honnert, 2009-2012: ’which turbulence in atmospheric models at the kilometric scale?’

- Julien Le Bras, 2012-2015 : ’High Resolution Urban climate : measurements & modelling’

- Emilie Redon, 2013-2017 : ’Modeling of urban vegetation as a thermal regulator and management of water resources’

- Quentin Rodier, 2014-2017 : ’Parameterization of the atmospheric turbulence in the stable boundary layer over rough terrain’

- Maxime Daniel, 2014-2017 : ’City, urban climate and climate change: study of interactions and evaluation of adaptation strategies using a coupled climate modelling approach. ’

- Marine Goret, 2016-2019 : ’Numerical study of city adaptation strategies to reduce the Urban Heat Island and CO2 emissions. ’

- Pierre-Antoire Joulin 2016-2019 : ’Modelling of windfarms - Efficiency and environmental Impact. ’

- Zahra Mhedhbi 2016- : ’Adaptation of cities of the south to climate change: which tools for urban planning? ’

- Guillaume Dumas 2017- : ’Development of the urban heat island’s measurement network and elaboration of new trails for data exploitation by the stakeholders. ’

- Eva Marquès 2019- : ’Contribution of crowdsourced data fusion and artificial intelligence to improve urban climate description ’

- Erwan Jezequel 2019- : ’Modelling and analysis of wind turbines wakes in real atmospheric conditions: from Large Eddy simulation to engineering models.’

- Arnaud Forster 2021- : ’Hectometric resolution weather forecast for extreme meteorological events in cities: application to 2024 Paris Olympic Games.’


- Grégoire Pigeon, 2004-2007: ’The surface-atmosphere exchanges in urban areas - ESCOMPTE-UBL and CAPITOUL projects’

- Irina Sandu, 2005-2008: ’Impact of the aerosol on the life-cycle of boundary layer clouds’

- Emilie Perraud, 2007-2010: ’Parameterization of subgrid-scale condensation and improvement of the representation of clouds in AROME and MesoNH models’

- Benjamin Aouizerats, 2007-2010: ’Impact of the urban aerosol on the dynamics of the urban climate’

- Laura Pinson, 2013-2016: ’Analysis and representation of heat wave events in dense urban areas’

  Peer-reviewed publications

Submitted papers

Bernard J., E. Bocher, E. Le Saux Wiederhold, F. Leconte, V. Masson, Camille Noûs 2022: Estimation of missing building height in OpenStreetMap data: a French case study, Geoscientific Model Development, submitted.

Costes A., Q. Rodier, V. Masson, C. Lac and M. Rochoux (2022): Effects of high density gradients on the wildland fire behavior in coupled atmosphere-fire simulations, JAMES, submitted

Crédat J., Y. Richard, B. Pohl, J. Emery, J. Dudek, D. Roy, J. Pergaud, M. Rega, M. Poupelin, D. Joly, T. Thévenin, E. Marquès and V. Masson (2022): Hourly temperature spatialization in an urban environment with contrasted topography, Dijon (France) 2014–2020, Urban Climate, submitted.

Hidalgo J., N. Touati, S. Haouès-Jouve, L. Jegou, G. Bretagne, E. Bocher, V. Masson, A. Mayis, R. Jougla, G. Petit, R. Schoetter, collectif GEO-VISU (2022): Mapping the urban climate for summer comfort management in urban planning: climate analysis and semiology of graphics. Cybergeo, submitted

Lipson Mathew, Sue Grimmond, Martin Best, Winston Chow, Andreas Christen, Nektarios Chrysoulakis, Andrew Coutts, Ben Crawford, Stevan Earl, Jonathan Evans, Krzysztof Fortuniak, Bert G. Heusinkveld, Je-Woo Hong, Jinkyu Hong, Leena Järvi, Sungsoo Jo, Yeon Hee Kim, Simone Kotthaus, Keunmin Lee, Valéry Masson, Joseph P. McFadden, Oliver Michels, Wlodzimierz Pawlak, Matthias Roth, Hirofumi , Sugawara, Nigel Tapper, Erik Velasco, Helen Claire Ward (2022): Harmonized gap-filled dataset from 20 urban flux tower sites, Earth System Science Data, submitted.

Marquès E., V. Masson, P. Naveau, O. Mestre, V. Dubreuil and Y. Richard (2022): Urban heat island estimation from crowdsensing thermometers embedded in personal cars, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, in press.

Mhedhbi Z., J. Hidalgo, C. De Munck, S. Haouès-Jouve, N. Touati, V. Masson (2022): Tool adjustments to support climate adaptation in urban planning for Southern cities: The case of Greater Tunis, Tunisia, Cybergeo, submitted.

Stavropulos-Laffaille X., K. Chancibault, A. Lemonsu, H. Andrieu, I. Calmet, V. Masson (2022): Coupling detailed urban energy and water budgets: Simulation of an urban catchment with TEB-Hydro model, Urban Climate, in press.


Christophe Sidonie, Jacques Gautier, Paul Chaborn, Luke Riley and V. Masson (2022): 3D geovisualization for visual analysis of urban climate, Cybergeo, 10.4000/cybergeo.38518

Lemonsu A., C. De Munck, V. Masson, E. Redon, P. Keravec, F. Rodriguez, D. Legain, L. Pineau (2022): Influence of the local urban environment on the thermo-radiative and hydrological behaviour of a garden lawn, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 61(1), 25-42, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-21-0067.1 (JPEG)

Nagel T., R. Schoetter, V. Masson, C. Lac, B. Carissimo (2022): Numerical analysis of the atmospheric boundary-layer turbulence on microscale transport of pollutant in an idealized urban environment, Boundary Layer Meteorology, doi:10.1007/s10546-022-00697-7 online.

Nicolini G., G. Antoniella, F. Carotenuto, A. Christen, P. Ciais, C. Feigenwinter, B. Gioli; S. Stagakis, E. Velasco, R. Vogt, H. Ward, J. Barlow, N. Chrysoulakis, P. Duce, M. Graus, C. Helfter, B. Heusinkveld, L. Järvi, T. Karl, S. Marras, V. Masson, B. Matthews, F. Meier, E. Nemitz, S. Sabbatini, D. Scherer, H. Schume, C. Sirca, G.-J. Steeneveld, C. Vagnoli, Y. Wang, A. Zaldei, B. Zheng, D. Papale (2022): Eddy-covariance; urban fluxes; urban pollution; coronavirus pandemic; social restrictions, Science of the Total Environment, 830, 154662, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154662 (JPEG)


Costes A., M. Rochoux, C. Lac and V. Masson (2021): Exploring the effect of inflow turbulence in coupled atmosphere-fire simulations using innovative subgrid fire front reconstruction, Fire Safety Journal, 126, 103475, doi: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2021.103475

Dumas G., J. Hidalgo, V. Masson, G. Louit, V. Edouart, A. Hanna, G. Poujol, J. Barrié (2022): Co-construction of climate services based on a weather stations network: Application in Toulouse agglomeration local authority, Climate Services, 24, 100274, doi:10.1016/j.cliser.2021.100274 (JPEG)

Haouès-Jouve S, Lemonsu A, Gauvreau B, Amossé A, Can A, Carissimo B, Gaudio N, Hidalgo J, Lopez-Rieux CX, Chouillou D, Richard E, Adolphe L, Berry-Chikhaoui I, Bouyer J, Challéat S, de Munck C, Dorier E, Guillaume G, Hoonaert S, Le Bras J, Legain D, Levy J-P, Masson V, Marry S, Nguyen-Luong D, Rojas Arias J-C, Gao Z (2021) EUREQUA project : an interdisciplinary and participative approach to assess urban environmental quality. Environment and Planning B : Urban Analytics and City Science, doi: 10.1177/23998083211037350 (JPEG)

Honnert R., V. Masson, C. Lac and T. Nagel (2021): A Theoretical Analysis of Mixing Length for Atmospheric Models From Micro to Large Scales, Front. Earth Sci., 8, 538, doi:10.3389/feart.2020.582056 (JPEG)

Trimmel, H., P. Weihs, S. Faroux, H. Formayer, P. Hamer, K. Hasel, J. Laimighofer, D. Leidinger, V. Masson, I. Nadeem, S. Oswald, M. Revesz, R. Schoetter (2021): Thermal conditions during heat waves of a mid-European metropolis under consideration of climate change, urban development scenarios and resilience measures for the mid-21st century, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 30(1) 9-32, doi:10.1127/metz/2019/0966 (JPEG)


Masson V., W. Heldens, E. Bocher, M. Bonhomme, B. Bucher, C. Burmeister, C. de Munck, T. Esch, J. Hidalgo, F. Kanani-Sühring, Y-T Kwok, A. Lemonsu, J.-P. Lévy, B. Maronga, D. Pavlik, G. Petit, L. See, R. Schoetter, N. Tornay, A. Votsis, J. Zeidler, 2020: City-descriptive input data for urban climate models: Model requirements, data sources and challenges, Urban Climate, 31, doi:10.1016/j.uclim.2019.100536 (JPEG)

Masson V., A. Lemonsu, J. Hidalgo, J. Voogt (2020): Urban Climates and Climate Change, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 45, 411-444, doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-012320-083623 (JPEG)

Masson V. and A. Lemonsu (2020): How Joël Noilhan influenced modelling and studies on urban climate, La Météorologie, 108, 093, in French, doi:10.37053/lameteorologie 2020-0022 (JPEG)

Masson V., E. Bocher, B. Bucher, Z. Chitu, S. Christophe, C. Fortelius, R. Hamdi, A. Lemonsu, A. Perrels, B. Van Schaeybroeck, B. Wichers Schreur, L. Velea, Y. Beddar, J.-C. Calvet, A. Delcloo, A. Druel, F. Duchêne, G. Dumas, J. Gautier, M. Goret, M. Horttanainen, R. Kouznetsov, A. Le Bris, S. Lecorre, B. Le Roy, Y. Palamarchuk, G. Petit, R. Ruuhela, O. Saranko, M. Sofiev, P. Siljamo, H. Van de Vyver, P. van Velthoven, A. Votsis (2020): The Urban Climate Services URCLIM project, Climate Services, 20, 10.1016/j.cliser.2020.100194 (JPEG)

Auguste F., C. Lac, V. Masson and D. Cariolle, 2019: Large-eddy simulations with an immersed boundary method: pollutant dispersion over urban terrain, Atmosphere, 2020, 11, 113; doi:10.3390/atmos11010113 (JPEG)

Baklanov A., B. Cárdenas, T.-C. Lee, S. Leroyer, V. Masson, L. T. Molina, T. Müller, C. Ren, F. R. Vogel, J. A.Voogt, 2020: Integrated urban services: experience from four cities on different continents, Urban Climate, 32, 100610, doi:10.1016/j.uclim.2020.100610 (JPEG)

Garratt, J., J. Wilczak, A. Holtslag, H. Schmid, A. Grachev, A. Beljaars, T. Foken, C. Fairall, B. Hicks, H. Kusaka, A. Martilli, V. Masson, M. Mauder, S. Oncley, M. Rotach and M. Tjernström, 2020: Commentaries on Top-Cited Boundary-Layer Meteorology Articles. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 169-188,doi: 10.1007/s10546-020-00563-4 (JPEG)

Gardes T., R. Schoetter, J. Hidalgo, N. Long, V. Masson 2020: Statistical prediction of the nocturnal urban heat island intensity based on urban morphology and geographical factors - An investigation based on numerical model results for a large ensemble of French cities, Science of the total environment, 737, 139253, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139253 (JPEG)

Grimmond S., V. Bouchet, L. Molina, A. Baklanov, J. Tan, K. H. Schluenzen, G. mills, B. Golding, V. Masson, C. Ren, J. Voogt, S. Miao, H. Lean, B. Heusinkveld, A. Hovespyan, G. Terrugi, P. Parrish, P. Joe (2020): Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environmental Services: Concept, Methodology and Key Messages, Urban Climate, 33, 100623, doi:10.1016/j.uclim.2020.100623 (JPEG)

Joulin P.-A., M. L. Mayol, V. Masson, F. Blondel, Q. Rodier, M. Cathelin and C. Lac (2020): The Actuator Line Method in the Meteorological LES Model Meso-NH to Analyze the Horns Rev 1 Wind Farm Photo Case, Front. Earth Sci, (JPEG)

Le Roy B., A. Lemonsu, R. Jounkou-Arnaud, D. Brion, V. Masson (2020): Long time series spatialized data for urban climatological studies: case study of Paris’ city, France, International Journal of Climatology, 40(7), 3567-3584, doi:10.1002/joc.6414 (JPEG)

Meyer D., R. Schoetter, V. Masson, S. Grimmond, 2020: Enhanced software and platform for the Town Energy Balance (TEB) model, The Journal of Open Source Software, doi:10.21105/joss.02008 (JPEG)

Meyer, D., R. Schoetter, S. Grimmond, A. Verrelle, M. Riechert, M. Tewari, M. Barlage, J. Dudhia, V. Masson et M. van Reeuwijk: WRF-TEB: implementation and evaluation of the coupled Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and Town Energy Balance (TEB) model. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2019MS001961, doi:10.1029/2019MS001961 (JPEG)

Redon E., A. Lemonsu and V. Masson (2020): An urban trees parameterization for modelling microclimatic variables and thermal comfort conditions at street level with the Town Energy Balance model (TEB-SURFEX v8.0), Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 385–399, doi: 10.5194/gmd-13-385-2020 (JPEG)

Sabatier T., A. Paci, C. Lac, G. Canut, Y. Largeron, V. Masson, 2020: Semi-idealized simulations of wintertime flows and pollutant transport in an alpine valley : Origins of local circulations (Part I), QJRMS, 146, 807–826, doi:10.1002/qj.3727(JPEG)

Sabatier T., Y. Largeron, A. Paci, C. Lac, Q. Rodier, G. Canut, V. Masson, 2020: Semi-idealized simulations of wintertime flows and pollutant transport in an alpine valley: Passive tracer tracking (Part II), QJRMS, 146, 827–845, doi:10.1002/qj.3710(JPEG)

Schoetter, R., J. Hidalgo, R. Jougla, V. Masson, M. Goret, M. Rega, and J. Pergaud: A statistical-dynamical downscaling for the urban heat island and building energy consumption. Analysis of its uncertainties. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59, 859–883, 10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0182.1 (JPEG)

Schoetter, Y.-T. Kwok, C. de Munck, K. K. L. Lau, W. K. Wong, an V. Masson, 2020: Multi-layer coupling between SURFEX-TEB-V9.0 and Meso-NH-V5.3 for modelling the urban climate of high-rise cities, Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 5609–5643, doi: 10.5194/gmd-2020-190 (JPEG)

Viguié V., A. Lemonsu , S. Hallegatte , A.-L. Beaulant , C. Marchadier , V. Masson , G. Pigeon , J.-L. Salagnac , S. Somot, 2020: Early adaptation to heat waves and future reduction of air-conditioning energy use in cities, Environmental Research Letters, 15, 075006, 10.1088/1748-9326/ab6a24 (JPEG)


Auguste F., G. Réa, R. Paoli, C. Lac, V. Masson and D. Cariolle, 2019: Implementation of an Immersed Boundary Method in the Meso-NH model: Applications to an idealized urban-like environment, Geoscientific Model Development, 12, 2607–2633, doi:10.5194/gmd-12-2607-2019 (JPEG)

Ching J., D. Aliaga, G. Mills, V. Masson, L. See, M. Neophytou, A. Middel, A. Baklanov, C. Ren, E. Ng, J. Fung, M. Wong, Y. Huang, A. Martilli, O. Brousse, I. Stewart, X. Zhang, A. Shehata, S. Miao, X. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Yamagata, D. Duarte, Y. Li, J. Feddema, B. Bechtel, J. Hidalgo, Y. Roustan, Y. Kim, H. Simon, T. Kropp, M. Bruse, F. Lindberg, S. Grimmond, M. Demuzure, F. Chen, C. Li, J. Gonzales-Cruz, B. Bornstein, Qiaodong He, Tzu-Ping, A. Hanna, E. Erell, N. Tapper, R. K. Mall, D. Niyogi, (2019): Pathway using WUDAPT’s Digital Synthetic City tool towards generating urban canopy parameters for multi-scale urban atmospheric modeling, Urban Climate, 28, 100459, doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2019.100459 (JPEG).

Daniel M., A. Lemonsu, M. Déqué, S. Somot, A. Alias, V. Masson (2019) : Benefits of explicit urban parameterization in regional climate modeling to study climate and city interactions, Climate dynamics, 52 (5-6), 2745-2764, 52:2745–2764 doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4289-x (JPEG).

Flores-Rojas, J.L.; Pereira-Filho, A.J.; Karam, H.A.; Vemado, F.; Masson, V.; Silva-Vidal, F.Y. 2019: Modeling the Effects of Explicit Urban Canopy Representation on the Development of Thunderstorms above a Tropical Mega City. Atmosphere, 10, 356 (JPEG).

Goret M., V. Masson, R. Schoetter and M.-P. Moine, 2019: Inclusion of a CO2 flux modeling in an urban canopy layer model and evaluation over an old European city center, Atmospheric environment, X, 3, 100042, doi: 10.1016/j.aeaoa.2019.100042 (JPEG).

Hidalgo J., A. Lemonsu and V. Masson, (2019): ’Between progress and obstacles in urban climate interdisciplinary studies and knowledge transfer to society’, Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1436, 5-18, doi: 10.1111/nyas.13986 (JPEG)

Hidalgo J., G. Dumas, V. Masson, G. Petit, B. Betchtel, E. Bocher, M. Foley, R. Schoetter, G. Mills, 2019: Comparison between Local Climate Zones maps derived from administrative datasets and satellite observations, Urban Climate, 27, 64-89. 10.1016/j.uclim.2018.10.004 (JPEG)

Kwok Y.-T., R. Schoetter, K. Lau, J. Hidalgo, C. Ren, G. Pigeon, V. Masson 2019: How well does the Local Climate Zone scheme discern the thermal environment of Toulouse (France)? An analysis using numerical simulation data, International Journal of Climatology, 39, 5292–5315 doi:10.1002/joc.6140 (JPEG)

Mhedhbi Z., V. Masson, J. Hidalgo, S. Haouès-Jouve (2019): Collection of refined architectural parameters by crowdsourcing using Facebook social network: case of Greater Tunis, Urban Climate, 29, September 2019, 100499, doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2019.100499 (JPEG).


Ching J., G. Mills, B. Bechtel, L. See, J. Feddema, X. Wang, C. Ren, O. Brousse, A. Martilli, M. Neophytou, P. Mouzourides, I. Stewart, A. Hanna, E. Ng, M. Foley, P. Alexander, D. Aliaga, D. Niyogi, A. Shreevastava, S. Bhalachandram, V. Masson, J. Hidalgo, J. Fung, M. de Fatima Andrade, A. Baklanov, D. Wei Dai, G. Milcinski, M. Demuzere, N. Brunsell, M. Pesaresi, S. Miao, F. Chen (2018): World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT), an urban weather, climate and environmental modeling infrastructure for the Anthropocene, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99(9), 1907-1928, doi : 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0236.1 (JPEG).

De Munck C., A. Lemonsu, V. Masson, J. LeBras and M. Bonhomme (2018): Evaluating the impacts of greening scenarios on thermal comfort and energy consumption for adapting Paris city to climate change, Urban Climate, 23, 260-286, doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2017.01.003 (JPEG)

Flores J. R., A. J. Pereira Filho, H. A. Karam, F. Vemado, V. Masson (2018): Effects of explicit urban-canopy representation on local circulations over a tropical mega-city, Boundary Layer Meteorology, 166, 83–111 doi: 10.1007/s10546-017-0292 (JPEG)

Lac C., J.-P. Chaboureau, V. Masson, J.-P. Pinty, P. Tulet, J. Escobar, M. Leriche, C. Barthe, B. Aouizerats, C. Augros, P. Aumond, F. Auguste, P. Bechtold, S. Berthet, S. Bieilli, F. Bosseur, O. Caumont, J.-M. Cohard, J. Colin, F. Couvreux, J. Cuxart, T. Dauhut, G. Delautier, V. Ducrocq, J.-B. Filippi, D. Gazen, O. Geoffroy, F. Gheusi, R. Honnert, J.-P. Lafore, C. Lebeaupin Brossier, Q. Libois, T. Lunet, C. Mari, T. Maric, P. Mascart, M. Mogé, G. Molinié, O. Nuissier, F. Pantillon, P. Peyrillé, J. Pergaud, E. Perraud, J. Pianezze, J.-L. Redelsperger, D. Ricard, E. Richard, S. Riette, Q. Rodier, R. Schoetter, L. Seyfried, J. Stein, K. Suhre, O. Thouron, S. Turner, A. Verrelle, B. Vié, F. Visentin, V. Vionnet, P. Wautel (2018): Overview of the Meso-NH model version 5.4 and its applications, Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 1929-1969, doi: 10.5194/gmd-11-1929-2018 (JPEG).

Masson V., A. Lemonsu and J. Voogt (2018): the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate, Urban Climate, 23, 1-7, doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2017.07.007 (JPEG)

Stavropulos-Laffaille X., K. Chancibault, H. Andrieu, J.-M. Brun, A. Lemonsu, V. Masson and A. Boone (2018): ’Improvements of the hydrological processes of the Town Energy Balance Model (TEB-Veg) for urban modelling and impact assessment’, Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 4175–4194, doi : 10.5194/gmd-2018-39 (JPEG).


Demuzere M., S. Harshan, L. Järvi, M. Roth, C.S.B. Grimmond, V. Masson, K.W. Oleson, E. Velasco, H. Wouters (2017) : Impact of urban canopy models and external parameters on the modelled urban energy balance, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143(704), 1581-1596, doi: 10.1002/qj.3028 (JPEG)

Lunet T., C. Lac, F. Auguste, F. Visentin, V. Masson and J. Escobar (2017) : Combination of WENO and Explicit Runge-Kutta methods for wind transport in Meso-NH model, Monthly Weather Review, 145, 3817–3838, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-16-0343.1 (JPEG)

Mazoyer M., C. Lac, O. Thouron, T. Bergot, V. Masson and L. Musson-Genon (2017) : Large-eddy simulation of radiation fog : Part 1 : Impact of dynamics on microphysics, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 13017-13035, doi: 10.5194/acp-17-13017-2017 (JPEG)

Redon E., A. Lemonsu, V. Masson, B. Morille and M. Musy (2017): Implementation of street trees in solar radiative exchange parameterization of TEB in SURFEX v8.0, Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 385–411, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-385-2017 (JPEG)

Rodier Q., V. Masson, F. Couvreux and A. Paci (2017) : Evaluation of a Buoyancy and Shear based Mixing Length for a Turbulence Scheme, Frontiers in Earth Science, 5, 65, doi:10.3389/feart.2017.00065 (JPEG)

Schoetter R., V. Masson, A. Bourgeois, M. Pellegrino, and J.-P. Lévy (2017): Parametrisation of the variety of human behaviour related to building energy consumption in TEB (SURFEX v. 8.2), Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 2801–2831, doi: 10.5194/gmd-10-2801-2017 (JPEG)

Stavropulos-Laffaille X., K. Chancibault, H. Andrieu, A. Lemonsu and V. Masson (2017): Hydrological validation of an urban hydro-microclimate model (TEB-Hydro): Sensitivity analysis on the catchment of Rezé (Nantes, France), La Houille Blanche, 3,14-21
doi: 10.1051/lhb/2017017 (JPEG)

Tornay N., R. Schoetter, M. Bonhomme, S. Faraut, A. Lemonsu and V. Masson (2017): GENIUS: A methodology to define a detailed description of buildings for urban climate and building energy consumption simulations, Urban Climate, 10, 75-93, doi:10.1016/j.uclim.2017.03.002 (JPEG).

Vionnet, V., Martin, E., Masson, V., Lac, C., Naaim Bouvet, F., & Guyomarc’h, G. (2017). High-resolution Large Eddy simulation of snow accumulation in alpine terrain. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 11,005–11,021. doi: 10.1002/2017JD026947 (JPEG).


Honnert R., V. Masson and F. Couvreux, 2016: Sampling of the structure of turbulence : Implications for parametrizations at sub-kilometric scales Boundary Layer Meteorology, DOI 10.1007/s10546-016-0130-4 (JPEG)

Houet T.,Marchadier C., Bretagne G., Moine M.P., Aguejdad R., Viguié V., Bonhomme M., Lemonsu A., Avner P., Hidalgo J., Masson V. 2017 : "Combining narratives and modelling approaches to simulate fine scale and long-term urban growth scenarios for climate adaptation", Environmental Modelling and Software journal, 86, 1-13, doi 10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.09.010 (JPEG)

Karsisto P., C. Fortelius, M. Demuzere, C. S. B. Grimmond, K. W. Oleson, R. Kouznetsov, V. Masson and L. Järvi, 2016: Seasonal surface urban energy balance and wintertime stability simulated using three land-surface models in the high-latitude city Helsinki, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142, 401 – 417, doi:10.1002/qj.2659 (JPEG)

Karsisto P., C. Fortelius, M. Demuzere, C. S. B. Grimmond, K. W. Oleson, R. Kouznetsov, V. Masson and L. Järvi, 2016: Erratum to ’Seasonal surface urban energy balance and wintertime stability simulated using three land-surface models in the high-latitude city Helsinki’, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142(698):2230-2230 doi:10.1002/qj.2883 (JPEG)


Bergot T., J. Escobar and V. Masson 2014 : Effect of small scale surface heterogeneities and buildings on radiation fog : Large Eddy Simulation study at Paris-CdG airport, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141: 285–298 , doi: 10.1002/qj.2358 (JPEG)

Le Bras J. and V. Masson, 2015: A fast and spatialized urban weather generator for long-term urban studies at the city-scale, Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 3(27), (JPEG)

Lemonsu, A., Viguié, V., Daniel, M., Masson, V. (2015). Vulnerability to heat-waves: impact of urban expansion scenarios on urban heat island and heat stress in Paris (France). Urban Climate, 14 , 586-605 doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2015.10.007 (JPEG)

Stolaki S., M. Haeffelin, C. Lac, J-C Dupont, T. Elias, V. Masson, 2015 : Influence of aerosols on the life cycle of a radiation fog event. A numerical and observational study, Atmospheric Research, 151, 146-161, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.04.013 (JPEG)


Aumond P., B. Gauvreau, C. Lac, V. Masson, G. Guillaume, M. Bérengier, 2014: Application of the Transmission Line Matrix method for outdoor sound propagation modelling Part 2: Experimental validation using meteorological data derived from the meso-scale model Meso-NH, Applied Acoustics, 76, 107–112 (JPEG).

Hidalgo J., V. Masson and C. Baehr, 2014: From daily climatic scenarios to hourly atmospheric forcing fields to force Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere transfer models. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 2(40), doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2014.00040 (JPEG).

Honnert R and V. Masson, 2014. What is the smallest physically acceptable scale for 1D turbulence schemes ?. Frontiers in Earth Science 2(27), doi: 10.3389/feart.2014.00027 (JPEG).

Lemonsu A., A.-L Beaulant, S. Somot, V. Masson, 2014: Evolution of occurrences of heat waves over the Paris basin (France) in the 21st century, Climate Research, 61, 75-90, doi: 10.3354/cr01235 (JPEG).

Masson V., M. Bonhomme, J.-L. Salagnac, X. Briottet and A. Lemonsu, 2014: Solar Panels reduce both global warming and Urban Heat Island. Frontiers in Environmental Science 2(14). doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2014.00014 (JPEG).

Masson V., C. Marchadier, L. Adolphe, R. Aguejdad, P. Avner, M. Bonhomme, G. Bretagne, X. Briottet, B. Bueno, C. de Munck, O. Doukari, S. Hallegatte, J. Hidalgo, T. Houet, J. Le Bras, A. Lemonsu, N. Long, M.-P. Moine, T. Morel, L. Nolorgues, G. Pigeon, J.-L. Salagnac, K. Zibouche, 2014 : Adapting cities to climate change: a systemic modelling approach. Urban Climate, 10, 407-429, doi:10.1016/j.uclim.2014.03.00 (JPEG).

Pigeon G., K. Zibouche, B. Bueno, J. Le Bras, V. Masson, 2014 : Evaluation of building energy simulations with the TEB model against EnergyPlus for a set of representative buildings in Paris. Energy and Buildings, 76, 1–14, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.10.038 (JPEG).

Vionnet V., E. Martin, V. Masson, G. Guyomarc’h, F. Naaim-Bouvet, A. Prokop, Y. Durand and C. Lac, 2014 : Simulation of wind-induced snow transport in alpine terrain using a fully coupled snowpack/atmosphere model, \it The Cryosphere, 8, 395-415 (JPEG).


Aumond P., V. Masson, C. Lac, B. Gauvreau, S. Dupont, 2013 : "Including Drag Effects of Canopies: Real Case Large-Eddy Simulation Studies", Boundary Layer Meteorology, 146, Issue 1, 65-80 DOI: 10.1007/s10546-012-9758-x (JPEG).

Bueno B., Hidalgo J., Pigeon G., Norford L. and Masson V., 2013: Calculation of air temperatures above the urban canopy layer from measurements at a rural operational weather station, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 472-483, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-083.1 (JPEG).

De Munck C., Pigeon G., Masson V., Meunier F., Bousquet P., Tréméac B., Merchat M., Poeuf P., Marchadier C., 2013: "How much air conditioning can increase air temperatures for a city like Paris (France) ?", International Journal of Climatology, 33, 210–227, DOI: 10.1002/joc.3415 (JPEG).

De Munck C. A. Lemonsu, R. Bouzouidja, V. Masson, R. Claverie, 2013: "The GREENROOF module (v7.3) for modelling green roof hydrological and energetic performances within TEB", Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 1941-1960, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-1941-2013 (JPEG).

Faroux F., A.T. Kaptué Tchuenté, J.-L. Roujean, E. Martin, V. Masson, and P. Le Moigne, 2013: ECOCLIMAP-II/Europe: a twofold database of ecosystems and surface parameters at 1-km resolution based on satellite information for use in land surface, meteorological and climate models, Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 563–582, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-563-2013 (JPEG).

Lac C., R. P. Donnelly, V. Masson, S. Pal, S. Donier, S. Queguiner, G. Tanguy, L. Ammoura, and I. Xueref-Remy, 2013 : CO2 Dispersion Modelling over Paris Region within the CO2-MEGAPARIS Project, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 4941-4961, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4941-2013 (JPEG).

Lemonsu A., R. Kounkou-Arnaud, J. Desplat, J.-L. Salagnac, V. Masson, 2013: Evolution of the Parisian urban climate under a global changing climate, Climatic change, 116, 679–692, DOI 10.1007/s10584-012-0521-6 (JPEG).

Masson V., P. Le Moigne, E. Martin, S. Faroux, A. Alias, R. Alkama, S. Belamari, A. Barbu, A. Boone, F. Bouyssel, P. Brousseau, E. Brun, J.-C. Calvet, D. Carrer, B. Decharme, C. Delire, S. Donier, K. Essaouini, A.-L. Gibelin, H. Giordani, F. Habets, M. Jidane, G. Kerdraon, E. Kourzeneva, M. Lafaysse, S. Lafont, C. Lebeaupin Brossier, A. Lemonsu, J.-F. Mahfouf, P. Marguinaud, M. Mokhtari, S. Morin, G. Pigeon, R. Salgado, Y. Seity, F. Taillefer, G. Tanguy, P. Tulet, B. Vincendon, V. Vionnet, and A. Voldoire, 2013: The SURFEXv7.2 land and ocean surface platform for coupled or offline simulation of Earth surface variables and fluxes, Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 929-960,doi:10.5194/gmd-6-929-2013 (JPEG).

Masson V., Y. Lion, A. Peter, G. Pigeon, J. Buyck, E. Brun, 2013: "Grand Paris" : Regional landscape change to adapt city to climate warming, Climatic Change, 117, Issue 4, 769-782, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-012-0579-1 (JPEG).

Trusilova K., B. Früh, S. Brienen, A. Walter, V. Masson and G. Pigeon, 2013: Implementation of an urban parameterization scheme into the regional climate model COSMO-CLM, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 2296-2311, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0209.1, (JPEG)


Lagouarde J.-P., A. Hénon, M. Irvine, J. Voogt, G. Pigeon, P. Moreau, V. Masson, P. Mestayer, 2012 : Experimental characterization and modelling of the nighttime directional anisotropy of thermal infrared measurements over an urban area: case study of Toulouse (France). Remote Sensing and Environment, 117, 19-33, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.06.022 (JPEG).

Lemonsu A., V. Masson, L. Shashua-Bar, E. Erell, and D. Pearlmutter, 2012 : Inclusion of vegetation in the Town Energy Balance model for modeling urban green areas, Geoscientific Model Development, 5, 1377-1393 (JPEG).

Tremeac B., P. Bousquet, C. De Munck, G. Pigeon, V. Masson, C. Marchadier, M. Merchat, P. Poeuf, F. Meunier, 2012: Influence of air-conditioning management in Paris air street temperatures. Applied Energy, 95, 102-110, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.02.015 (JPEG).


Aouizerats, B., P. Tulet, G. Pigeon, V. Masson, and L. Gomes, 2011 : High resolution modelling of aerosol dispersion regimes during the CAPITOUL field experiment : from regional to local scale interactions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7547-7560, doi:10.5194/acp-11-7547-2011 (JPEG)

Benzerzour M., V. Masson, D. Groleau, A. Lemonsu, 2011 : Simulation of the urban climate variations in connection with the transformations of the city of Nantes since the 17th century. Building and Environment, 46, 1545-1557, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.01.014 (JPEG)

Grimmond C.S.B., M. Blackett, M. Best, J. Barlow, J.-J. Baik, S. Belcher, S.I. Bohnenstengel, I. Calmet, F. Chen, A. Dandou, K. Fortuniak, M.L. Gouvea, R. Hamdi, M. Hendry, H. Kondo, S. Krayenhoff, S.-H. Lee, T. Loridan, A. Martilli, V. Masson, S. Miao, K. Oleson, G. Pigeon, A. Porson, F. Salamanca, L. Shashua-Bar, G.-J. Steeneveld, M. Tombrou, J. Voogt, and N. Zhang 2011 : The international urban energy balance models comparison project : Initial results from Phase 2. International Journal of Climatology. 31(2), 244-272. doi: 10.1002/joc.2227 (JPEG)

Honnert R., V. Masson, and F. Couvreux, 2011 : A diagnostic for Evaluating the Representation of Turbulence in Atmospheric Models at the Kilometric Scale. J. Atmos. Sci., 68(12), 3112-3131, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-11-061.1 (JPEG)

Perraud E., Couvreux F., Malardel S., Lac C. Masson V. and Thouron O., 2011: Evaluation of statistical distributions for the parameterization of subgrid boundary-layer clouds, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 140(2), 263-294, doi: 10.1007/s10546-011-9607-3 (JPEG)

Seity Y., P. Brousseau, S. Malardel, G. Hello, P. Bénard, F. Bouttier, C. Lac, V. Masson, 2011, The AROME-France convective scale operational model, Monthly Weather Review, 139(3), 976-991, doi: 10.1175/2010MWR3425.1 (JPEG)

Svensson G., A.A.M. Holtslag, V. Kumar, T. Mauritsen, G.J. Steeneveld, W. M. Angevine, E. Bazile, A. Beljaars, E.I.F. de Bruijn, A. Cheng, L. Conangla, J. Cuxart, M. Ek, M. J. Falk, F. Freedman, H. Kitagawa, V. E. Larson, A. Lock, J. Mailhot, V. Masson, S. Park, J. Pleim, S. Söderberg, W. Weng and M. Zampieri, 2011: Evaluation of the diurnal cycle in the atmospheric boundary layer over land as represented by a variety of single column models – the second GABLS experiment. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 140(2), 177-206, doi: 10.1007/s10546-011-9611-7 (JPEG)

Tomas, S., O. Eiff, and V. Masson, 2011 : Experimental investigation of turbulent momentum transfers in a neutral boundary-layer over a rough surface. Boundary- Layer Meteorol., 138, 385-411, doi: 10.1007/s10546-010-9566-0 (JPEG)


Grimmond C.S.B. , M. Blackett, M. Best, J. Barlow, J.-J. Baik, S. Belcher, S.I. Bohnenstengel, I. Calmet,F. Chen, A. Dandou, K. Fortuniak, M.L. Gouvea, R. Hamdi, M. Hendry, H. Kondo, S. Krayenhoff, S.-H. Lee, T. Loridan, A. Martilli, V. Masson, S. Miao, K. Oleson, G. Pigeon, A. Porson, F. Salamanca,L. Shashua-Bar, G.-J. Steeneveld, M. Tombrou, J. Voogt, and N. Zhang 2010 : The international urban energy balance models comparison project : First results from Phase 1. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49,.1268-1292 (JPEG)

Hidalgo, J., V. Masson, and L. Gimeno-Presa, 2010 : Scaling the daytime urban breeze circulation. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49(5), 889-901. (JPEG)

Karam, H. A., A. J. Pereira Filho, V. Masson, J. Noilhan and E. P. Marques Filho 2010 : A new tropical urban surface energy budget scheme (t-TEB). Part I : concept and formulation. Theoretical and Apllied Climatology, 101 (1-2) 109-120 , DOI:10.1007/s00704-009-0206-x (JPEG)

Salmond J. A., L. Pauscher, G. Pigeon, V. Masson, D. Legain, 2010, Vertical transport of accumulation mode particles between two street canyons and the urban boundary layer, Atmospheric Environment , 44 (39), December 2010, Pages 5139-5147, ISSN 1352-2310, DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.09.002. (JPEG)


Masson, V. and Y. Seity, 2009 : Including atmospheric layers in vegetation and urban offline surface schemes. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48(7), 1377-1397. (JPEG)

Pergaud, J., V. Masson, S. Malardel, and F. Couvreux, 2009 : A parameterization of dry thermals and shallow cumuli for mesoscale numerical weather prediction. Boundary- Layer Meteorol., 132(1), 83-106. (JPEG)

Sarrat, C., J. Noilhan, S. Donier, P. Lacarrère, V. Masson, A. Butet, E. Ceschia, P. Ciais, A. Dolman, J. Elbers, and N. Jarosz, 2009 : Co2 budgeting at the regional scale using a lagrangian experimental strategy and mesoscale modeling. Biogeosciences, 6, 113-127. (JPEG)


Masson V., L. Gomes, G. Pigeon, C. Liousse, V. Pont, J.-P. Lagouarde, J. Voogt, J. Salmond, T. R. Oke, J. Hidalgo, D. Legain, O. Garrouste, C. Lac, O. Connan, X. Briottet, S. Lachérade, P. Tulet, 2008 : The canopy and aerosol particles interactions in toulouse urban layer (CAPITOUL) experiment. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 102(3-4), 135-157. (JPEG)

Gimeno-Presa L., V. Masson and J. Arnfield, 2008 : Editorial : special issue on CAPITOUL (Canopy and Aerosol PArticle Interactions in TOulouse Urban LAyer) experiment. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 102(3-4), 131-133. (JPEG)

Hamdi, R. and V. Masson, 2008 : Inclusion of a drag approach in the town energy balance (TEB) scheme : offline 1-d validation in a street canyon. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 2627-2644. (JPEG)

Hidalgo, J., V. Masson, A. Baklanov, G. Pigeon, and L. Gimeno, 2008 : Advances in urban climate modelling. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1146, 354-374. (JPEG)

Hidalgo, J., G. Pigeon, and V. Masson, 2008 : Urban-breeze circulation during the CAPITOUL experiment : observational data analysis approach. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 102(3-4), 223-241. (JPEG)

Hidalgo, J., V. Masson, and G. Pigeon, 2008 : Urban-breeze circulation during the CAPITOUL experiment : Numerical approach. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 102(3-4), 243-262. (JPEG)

Pigeon, G., M. A. Mosciki, J. A. Voogt, and V. Masson, 2008 : Simulation of fall and winter energy balance over a dense urban area using the TEB scheme. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 102(3-4), 159-171. (JPEG)

Sandu, I., J.-L. Brenguier, O. Geoffroy, O. Thouron, and V. Masson, 2008 : Aerosols impact on the diurnal cycle of marine stratocumulus. J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 2705-2718. (JPEG)


Couvreux, F., F. Guichard, V. Masson, and J.-L. Redelsperger, 2007 : Negative water vapour skewness and dry tongues in the convective boundary layer : observations and les budget analysis. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 26, 269-294. (JPEG)

Drobinski, P., P. Carlotti, J.-L. Redelsperger, R. M. Banta, V. Masson, and R. K. Newsom, 2007 : Numerical and experimental investigation of the neutral atmospheric surface layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 137-156. (JPEG)

Drobinski, P., F. Saïd, G. Ancellet, J. Arteta, P. Augustin, S. Bastin, A. Brut, J. L. Caccia, B. Campistron, S. Cautenet, A. Colette, I. Coll, U. Corsmeier, B. Cros, A. Dabas, H. Delbarre, A. Dufour, P. Durand, V. Guénard, M. Hasel, N. Kaltho-, C. Kottmeier, F. Lasry, A. Lemonsu, F. Lohou, V. Masson, L. Menut, C. Moppert, V. H. Peuch, V. Puygrenier, O. Reitebuch, and R. Vautard, 2007 : Regional transport and dilution during highpollution episodes in southern france : Summary of Findings from the Field experiment to constraint models of atmospheric pollution and emissions transport (ESCOMPTE). J. Geophys. Res., 112, D13105, doi :10.1029/2006JD007494. (JPEG)

Lemonsu, A., V. Masson, and E. Berthier, 2007 : Improvement of the hydrological component of an urban SVAT model. Hydrological Processes, 21, 2100-2111. (JPEG)

Pigeon, G., D. Legain, P. Durand, and V. Masson, 2007 : Anthropogenic heat release in an old european city (Toulouse, France). International Journal of Climatology, 27, 1969-1981, dOI :10.1002/joc.1530. (JPEG)

Pigeon, G., A. Lemonsu, C. Grimmond, P. Durand, O. Thouron, and V. Masson, 2007 : Divergence of turbulent fluxes in the surface layer : case of a coastal city. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 124, 269-290, 10.1007/s10546-007-9160-2 (JPEG)


Lemonsu, A., S. Bastin, V. Masson, and P. Drobinski, 2006 : Vertical Structure of the Urban boundary layer over Marseille under sea breeze condition. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 118, 477-501. (JPEG)

Lemonsu, A., V. Masson, G. Pigeon, and C. Moppert, 2006 : Sea-Town Interactions over Marseille : 3d Urban Boundary Layer and thermodynamical fields near the Surface. Theoretical and Appl. Climatology, 84, 171-178. (JPEG)

Masson V., 2006 : Urban surface modeling and the meso-scale impact of cities. Theoretical and Appl. Climatology, 84, 35-45. (JPEG)

Pigeon, A. Lemonsu, J. Barrié, V. Masson, and P. Durand, 2006 : Urban thermodynamic Island in a coastal City analyzed from an Optimized Surface Network. Boundary- Layer Meteorol., 120, 315-351. (JPEG)

Sarrat, C., A. Lemonsu, V. Masson, and G. Guédalia, 2006 : Impact of urban heat island on regional atmospheric pollution. Atmos. Environ., 40, 1743-1758. (JPEG)

Tomas, S. and V. Masson, 2006 : A parameterization of third order moments for the convective boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 120, 437-454. (JPEG)


Couvreux, F., F. Guichard, J.-L. Redelsperger, C. Kiemle, V. Masson, J.-P. Lafore, and C. Flamant, 2005 : water vapor variability within a convective boundary layer assessed by large-eddy simulations and ihop observations. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 131, 2665-2693. (JPEG)

P. Mestayer, P. Durand, P. Augustin, S. Bastin, J.-M. Bonnefond, B. Bénech, B. Campistron, A. Coppalle, H. Delbarre, B. Dousset, P. Drobinski, A. Druilhet, E. Fréjafon, S. Grimmond, D. Groleau, M. Irvine, C. Kergomard, S. Kermadi, J.-P. Lagouarde, A. Lemonsu, F. Lohou, N. Long, V. Masson, C. Moppert, J. Noilhan, B. O-erle, T. Oke, G. Pigeon, V. Puygrenier, S. Roberts, J.-M. Rosant, F. Saïd, J. Salmond, M. Talbaut, and J. Voogt, 2005 : The urban boundary layer field experiment over marseille ubl/clu-ESCOMPTE : Experimental set-up and first results. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 114, 315-365. (JPEG)


Lemonsu, A., C. S. B. Grimmond, and V. Masson, 2004 : Modelling the surface Energy Balance of an old Mediterranean city core. J. Appl. Meteorol., 43, 312-327. (JPEG)


Masson, V., J.L. Champeaux, F. Chauvin, C. Meriguet, and R. Lacaze, 2003 : A global data base of land surface parameters at 1 km resolution in meteorological and climate models. J. of Climate, 16, 1261-1282. (JPEG)


Masson, V., C.S.B. Grimmond, and T.R. Oke, 2002 : Evaluation of the Town Energy Balance (TEB) scheme with direct Measurements from dry Districts in two Cities. J. Appl. Meteorol., 41, 1011-1026. (JPEG)

Lemonsu, A. and V. Masson, 2002 : Simulation of a summer urban Breeze over Paris. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 104, 463-490. (JPEG)

Piringer, M., C. S. B. Grimmond, S. M. Joffre, P. G. Mestayer, M. W. Rotach, A. Baklanov, K. D. Ridder, J. Ferreira, E. Guilloteau, A. Karppinen, A. Martilli, V. Masson, D. R. Middleton, and M. Tombrou, 2002 : Investigating the surface energy budget in urban areas -recent advances and future needs. Journal of Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 2, 1-16. (JPEG)


Masson V., 2000 : A Physically-based scheme for the Urban Energy Budget in atmospheric models. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 94, 357-397. (JPEG)

Boone, A., V. Masson, T. Meyers, and J. Noilhan, 2000 : The influence of the inclusion of soil freezing on simulations by a soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer scheme. J. Appl. Meteorol., 39, 1544-1569. (JPEG)

Georgelin, M., P. Bougeault, T. Black, N. Brzovic, J. Calvo, V. Cassé, M. Desgagné, R. El- Khatib, J. Geleyn, T. Holt, S. Y. Hong, T. Kato, J. Katzfey, K. Kurihara, B. Lacroix, F. Lalaurette, Y. Lemaitre, J. Mailhot, D. Majewski, P. Malguzzi, V. Masson, J. McGregor, E. Minguzzi, T. Paccagnella, and C. Wilson, 2000 : The second compare exercice : a model intercomparison using a case of a typical mesoscale orographic Flow, the PYREX iop3. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 126, 991-1029. doi: 10.1002/qj.49712656410 (JPEG)


Bélair, S., P. Lacarrère, J. Noilhan, V. Masson, and J. Stein, 1998 : High-resolution simulation of surface and turbulent fluxes during hapex-mobilhy. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 2234-2253. (JPEG)

Lafore, J.P., J. Stein, N. Asencio, P. Bougeault, V. Ducrocq, J. Duron, C. Fischer, P. Héreil, P. Mascart, V. Masson, J.P. Pinty, J.L. Redelsperger, E. Richard, and J. Vila-Guerau de Arellano, 1998 : The Méso-NH atmospheric simulation system. Part I : Adiabatic formulation and control simulation. Ann. Geophys., 16, 90-109. (JPEG)


Masson V. and P. Bougeault, 1996 : Numerical Simulation of a Low-Level Wind Created by Complex Orography : A Cierzo Case study. Monthly Weather Review, 4, 701-715. (JPEG)

  Book chapters

V. Masson, 2018: Impacts of Global Changes in Cities, Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene, Editor(s): Dominick A. Dellasala, Michael I. Goldstein, Elsevier, Pages 467-474, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809665-9.09773-1.

Lemonsu A, de Munck C, Kounkou-Arnaud R, Masson V, Viguié V. What alternatives does Paris have to adapt to future heat waves ? In: Urban Climate Science for Planning Healthy Cities. Springer.

De Munck C, Lemonsu A, Masson V. 2020: Benefits of vegetation for urban ecosystems resiliance. in: Adaptation to climate change, through Nature-Based solutions. Report to Prime Minister and Parlement, Broche, Paris, France, in French.


Masson, V., 1999 : ’A method for determining the influence of an urban area on the atmosphere in contact with it’. French patent N°99 01713, filed February 12, 1999.

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